Supreme Court Case Essay

363 Words2 Pages
The case that I chose was Zelman vs. Simmons-Harris from (2002). Ohio had been running a program called “Pilot Project Scholarship Program”. This program allowed parents of students in the Cleveland School District the use of public money to pay for tuition at private schools, including religious schools. The money was given to parents based on financial need. The money was spent based upon where the parents wanted their children to be enrolled in school. Between 1999 and 2000 96% of the students participating in the scholarship program were enrolled in religiously affiliated schools. The 82% of private schools that where participating were religious. None of the adjacent public schools participated. As a part of the program none of the participating schools where permitted to discriminate on the basis of race, religion, or ethnic background. They also are not allowed to advocate or foster unlawful behavior, or teach hatred of any person or group on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion. A few people thought that the government was making the decision of where the children were to go to school and that they were choosing religious schools over public schools. So they decided to take it to the Supreme Court because they thought that this violated the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The Supreme Court ruled that it did not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The primary reason that the program survived was because it was enacted for a secular purpose not a religious purpose. The whole point of allowing parents to use public money to send their children to private schools was so parents in poor areas with public failing schools could get a better education. If they pick religious schools that has nothing to do with the government. One result of the decision of the Supreme Court ruling is that efforts to create
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