Support Disabled Children and Young People and Those with Special Educational Needs

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Unit 319 – Support disabled children and young people and those with special educational needs Outcome 1 – Understand the rights of disabled children and young people and those with special educational needs 1.1 – A disabled child or young person is defined as one who has a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day to day activities. Children or young people who learn in a different way to most of their peers and who need extra help and support are considered to have special educational needs. The legislation affecting the provision of education for these children is summarised below. Education Act (Handicapped Children) 1970 – Transferred the responsibility of children’s education from the health service to the local authority leading to many special schools being built. The Warnock Report – This was a study of children with SEN and their needs which had an impact on future acts of parliament. It suggested ways that these children should be supported – through changes to the curriculum/school environment. Because of its focus on inclusion it influenced the Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice 2001. Education Act (1981) – Gave additional legal responsibilities to the local authorities and power to parents and was based on the findings of the Warnock Report. Education Reform Act (1988) – Introduced the National Curriculum to all schools in England and Wales and allowed schools to change or modify what was taught to children with SEN. Children Act (1989) – Stated that the rights and wishes of the child should be considered and that the welfare of the child was paramount. Education Act (1983) – Required that a code of practice be introduced for guidance on identification and provision of SEN. Introduced the role of the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO) and
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