Superfund Research Paper

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The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, more commonly known as Superfund, was signed into law on December 11, 1980. It is designed to clean up the most polluted, complex, uncontrolled or abandoned sites contaminated by hazardous waste. It authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to find who contaminated these sites and compel them to clean them up. If a responsible party cannot be found the EPA is authorized to clean up the site on it’s own utilizing funds from a specially set up trust. Celebrating it’s 30 years in operation the “Superfund” has completed construction of clean up remedies on 67.5% of sites on the National Priorities List. On the map below, issued in March of 2010, the red indicates…show more content…
In June of 2000 the cap requirements were changed from a multi-media cap to a geosynthetic clay cap. OU2’s elements were ground water removal via on-site extraction wells, ground water treatment (air stripping) for removal of VOC’s, discharge to a local water treatment plant and continued monitoring. In 2005 an amended report eliminated the removal and treatment part and, instead, replaced it with an injection of vegetable oil as a bioremediation of the VOC’s with monitoring. OU’3 excavation and stabilization of contaminated soils, on-site disposal of the stabilized soil, installation of a low permeability cap over the treated soil, placement of one foot of topsoil over the remainder of the uncapped site and placement of controls. The clean up approach for OU4 was to allow the clean up of the other operable units to address the contamination of the wetlands. This would be done with periodic environmental…show more content…
In 1989, EPA removed approximately 70,000 cubic yards of shingles from the Bay Drum site in order to evaluate the extent of soil contamination. The EPA conducted a second removal action in 1990 and removed contaminated soils, drums of hazardous waste, and bags of pesticides from the site. Clean up on OU1 and OU3 began in 2000 and were completed in 2001. Implementation of the amended clean up of OU3 began in the Spring of 2005 and the ground water data indicates that the vegetable oil was performing as expected and will likely be in place for a considerable period of

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