Though the fifteenth amendment gave black males the right to vote a poll tax was introduced to eliminate the black vote. It was effective because the large majority of blacks were poor and needed the money for priorities other than voting. Policies like these drove blacks deeper into poverty and only made the color line more definite. Racism also played a large role in immigration. Immigrants from all over the world were flooding the shores of the U.S. looking for the promise of the American Dream.
By: David Kim Chicago Housing Authority The Chicago Housing Authority was first established in 1937, and was built under President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Chicago Housing Authority provided housings for the people who receives low income, or people that are having trouble with poverty. Chicago Housing Authority also dealt with segregation between the African-Americans and the whites. However, HUD took over in 1995 after seeing the poor performance and mismanagement and within that same year, high-rise buildings were demolished in order to redevelop this entire community. HUD abolished segregation and allowed middle-class families to join with the lower class, creating a harmonizing community.
How far do you agree with the statement that the position of black Americans changes little during the period 1945-1955? It may be argued that during the period 1945-55 the position of the black Americans changed unnoticeable, yet there had been certain factors that in longer term resulted in improving the position of white Americans in a big scale. The improvements consisted of army. Truman desegregated the armed forces in 1948 and appointed the first black federal judge. This meant that the American workers left their jobs to join the army, which created many job opportunities for black Americans, which were needed especially in the defence industries, which now grew in importance as they had to make supplies for the Army such as guns and tanks.
Most people are unfamiliar with World War I impact on American society. $33 billion was wasted on the war, interprets the government to tax everything thin from tobacco to luxury goods. The Great Migration impacted African Americans where they moved from the South to the big cities where they faced negative and positive issues. Women in war changed how we women are today, back then women starting taking men's job. Initially, billions were wasted on war, bonds were a problem, and propaganda started to rise.
He illustrates the rise of the “black perspective” and its effects on the serious social scientific study of urban poverty (Wilson, 99). Wilson continues his article and highlights both the structural and cultural factors that have led to a rise in single-parent, female-led households in the black community. While he notes that this rise is also true in other ethnic groups (130), he points out that it is radically more pronounced among urban black communities (100-103). In his next chapter, Wilson argues for a new framework to understand this phenomenon with both structural and cultural factors (144). He adds that the two factors are ultimately intertwined and recommends that policy makers need to address the problem through this lens to effectively
1) Summarize the content briefly! The article “Race divide in US cities gets wider” written by Martin Kettle, published on May 2001 in The Guardian, describes the increasing racial segregation of black and white people in the United States. Researches found out, that today there are always more and more cities, where both races grow up divided in their own district, like in Chicago, Detroit and above all Milwaukee. The only social contact between those two groups exists on college. The problem auf segregation appears most often in urban schools, by reason of white flights.
1964: Johnson took over for JFK and the 24th amendment was passed which was the abolition of poll tax. Civil Rights Act of 1964 was established which banned discrimination based on race, sex, nationality, and religion in public and a project known as Freedom Summer registered African Americans as voters in Mississippi. Late that year, Johnson was elected as president. 1965: Malcom X was assassinated on February 21, and the Voting Rights Act, which eliminated discriminatory literacy rates making it easier for African Americans to vote. The first sustained
It was published in the Untied States by Vintage Books, a division of Random House, Inc., New York and simultaneously in Canada by Random House of Canada Limited, Toronto . The books tell the story of African Americans share cropper living in Clarksdale Mississippi and moving North to a better place, mainly Chicago . Their main character Ruby Haynes, Uless Carter and George Hicks in the book explains how the migration was a tremendous piece of history in America society effecting government and politics. An example is the power of the Black votes. After the civil war almost all blacks were considers Republicans.
In this section we are introduced to the golden years of Detroit in the 1940’s, a city that was once thriving on the massive wartime workforce that largely came from migrating blacks from the South, was quickly becoming defined by industrial business relocations, industrial plant terminations, widespread unemployment, lack of housing subsequent to rapid population expansions, and the ramifications that these events had on the local economy in Detroit. Sugrue specifically delves into the housing issues in Detroit that festered due to reluctance of racial integration in the city and the actions taken by wealthier white natives and local government institutions to confine blacks to specific areas of very low quality living spaces. During the wartime efforts, large companies like Ford that were located in Detroit were
To understand the causes and effects of this decline, it is important to first understand the relationship between suburbanization, race, economic factors and government intervention. According to Chudacoff’s Major Problems: Chapter 7, the growth of Black urban communities during the start of the 20th century brought about a much needed labor force to the growing industrial cities there. Among the shift from rural to urban industry, the greatest shift of people was found in the Black community. The reason for this shift and ultimately the creation of the Black ghetto in Chicago during this time according to Grossman was without a doubt due to the race line. White industry owners before this time would find it necessary to hire white workers over black workers in any position, which limited and crippled Blacks in the labor market.