The Civil Rights Act of 1991 has to do with wrongful discharge suits and the damages that are awarded the employee involved in the suit. At one time the damages awarded were limited to compensatory damages only. This amendment added the opportunity for the employee to sue for punitive damages as well. The addition of punitive damages is thought to deter employers from
Employment Simulations Tables LAW/531 Susie S Wilson University of Phoenix December 17, 2012 Donna Ross Employment Simulations Tables Any kind of discrimination in the workplace is illegal. Organizations must follow the guidelines set within their own policies to prevent all manner of discrimination. Discrimination is based on the grounds of race, gender, age, national origin, disability, religion, and affinity orientation. The rules and guidelines of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 are imperative in recognizing, guarding, and avoiding litigation based on discrimination. The
Discrimination can be direct or indirect, verbal abuse and unwanted physical contact. An example of direct discrimination would be: If a black employee is not selected for promotion because of his race. An example of indirect discrimination would be: An apartment stores prohibits all employees from covering their head up however this rule means people(s) with religious beliefs who are required to cover their heads are prevented working for the store. This would be indirect discrimination unless the store can find an objective reason for justifying the policy. Characteristics protected by the Equality Act 2010 are as followed: •
Historical Significance of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 In 1964, the United States passed one of its strongest civil rights laws in history, the Civil Rights Act. The act bans discrimination because of a person's color, race, national origin, religion, or sex. It primarily protects the rights of African Americans and other minorities. Major features of the Civil Rights Act include the freedom to vote and use hotels, restaurants, theaters, parks, and all other public places. The law also encouraged the desegregation of public schools and authorized the withdrawal of federal funds from programs practicing discrimination.
CRACKERBARREL AND DEALING WITH DISCRIMINATION CRACKERBARREL AND DEALING WITH DISCRIMINATION Can an organization change its stripes? Before laws were passed to protect workers, an onslaught of lawsuits plagued companies having to deal with the answer to this question. Discrimination in the workplace has been an ongoing battle between the coworker and employee. In 1964 the civil rights act was invoked, Title VII, to protect employees and their rights at work. It has since been amended in 1972 by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act which states an employer cannot discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Civil Rights Movement: Surface and Underlying Causes The antecedents to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, arguably the culmination of the centuries long struggle for equal protection under every jurisdiction, consisted only partly of historically significant events that served as catalysts. What a comprehensive analysis conducted through the lens of sociological inquiry reveals are rather societal responses, from both the dominant white majority and the ethnic responses to contemporary anxieties. Although an example such as the Tulsa race riots of 1921 lies outside of the scope of the period examined, correlations between later events can be drawn, in that quick observation can lead to a conclusion that the catalysts, and not the more subtle geographical
As a result, President Kennedy in an exceptional message to Congress on February 28, 1963, declared “the democratic principle that no man should be deprived of employment commensurate with his abilities because of his race or creed or ancestry” (Dirksen Center, 2006). After over one year of debate in the U.S. Congress, on July 2, 1964, President Kennedy signed into the bill containing the Title VII provisions “defining unfair employment practices and providing for their prevention” (Vass, 1966). After the Act’s passage in 1964, subsequent amendments were added to further support the law such as the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 (PDA), the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA), and the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (Apollo Library, 2008). All of these amendments acknowledged additional areas of workplace discrimination and empowered the EEOC to provide remedies to workers who had experienced workplace discrimination based on age, pregnancy, or disability while the Civil Rights Act of 1991 included provisions for jury trials, compensatory and punitive damages (Bennett-Alexander and Hartman, 2007). For example, the ADEA had employers from refusing to hire or discharge on the bases of age while the PDA prohibits employers from “using pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions” as a reason for treating an employee differently than other employees.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Civil rights Act of 1964 consisted of many people like Martin Luther King Jr., John F. Kennedy and many others who helped a lot of people through some hard times and fixed many things. While these dedicated people worked on these goals they ran into many challenges. Before the Civil Rights Act of 1964 the world was a segregated mess. There would be segregated schools, restaurants, theaters and etc.. there would be segregated schools and stuff for African Americans and others for whites only. So While all this was going on there was ridicules laws called “ Jim Crow Laws.” [These were laws that restricted what African Americans could do.]
As much as any single event in the history of the modern civil rights movement, the violence of whites in Birmingham forced the American people to consider serious federal action promoting civil rights. By 1965 concerted efforts to break the grip of state disfranchisement had been under way for some time, but had achieved only modest success overall and in some areas had proved almost entirely ineffectual. The murder of voting-rights
Finally, the act was enacted by United States Congress on July 2, 1964. Wondering what was the act all about? The Civil Rights Act of 1964 laid the groundwork for the Voting Rights Act of 1965 by outlawing certain discriminatory voting practices(Title I); it opened up places of public accommodation for people of color(Title II); it gave the federal government additional tools to wage the school desegregation battles(