This type of stereotype is similar to that of the “dumb jock”, and like the students in the experiment college athletes are often portrayed as inferior academically (Lubus, 2011). These stereotypes cause the students to feel inferior because of the self-fulfilling prophecy, and the students adopt these attributes and behaviors because that is how their environment makes them feel. This study shows how our society can easily use stereotypes and prejudice to create an environment where they become the reality. The self-fulfilling prophecy uses the expectations of these stereotypes to create that environment, and this will affect a person’s own behaviors and self-impressions. I believe this creates a false sense of the stereotypes playing true, and that in actuality the people classified in the stereotype may be nothing like
Many sociologists have linked labelling in school, especially by teachers, with the difference in achievements in terms of ethnicity. Negative stereotypes and labels may cause teacher to treat students from an ethnic minority differently, which could in turn, disadvantage them and ultimately, result in them underachieving. Studies from different sociologists back up and support this. Gillborn and Youdell (2000) found in their studies that teachers were more likely to discipline black students quicker than they would with their white counterparts, due to the fact that teachers held “racialised expectations”. They argued that they stereotyped and expected black students to present behaviour such as threatening and challenging authority, which leaves the student feeling underestimated and picked on.
Gillborn (1990) found that teachers were quick to discipline black pupils than any other raced pupils for the same behaviour. Gillborn and Youdell (2000) argue that this is the result of teacher’s racialised expectations. They found that teachers expected black pupils to present more discipline problems and misinterpreted their behaviour as threatening or challenge to authority. The pupils responded negatively when teachers misinterpreted their behaviour which resulted to conflict. Black pupils felt that teachers underestimated them and picked on them.
Peoplelike us give the sociopath little sympathy because they hurt people so badbut their illness is recognized as somewhat of an explanation of why theydo it. The idea of the disorder is no excuse for their behavior that resultsfrom it. The sociopath is very intelligent and knows how to manipulatepeople into thinking they are normal and that is when they work theirmagic. Beneath the mask of sanity a sociopath is full of tension, hostility,irritability, rage, emptiness and sadness at the core of the sociopathicpersonality. When they hurt a person a sociopath might think he had itcoming or I’m watching out for number 1.
Appearance has always been one of the main factors of social rejection; therefore, those who appear to be different are those who are not easily accepted by others. Psychologists state that one of the most common reasons for social rejection is the appearance of aggression. “People may socially exclude others who are seen to be aggressive because they intimidate and instill fear for general safety.” (Li-Or 22) Students who are labeled as “emo” or “gothic” are generally those who are bullied and/or ridiculed in school. Stereotypically, these groups compose pain upon themselves, and possibly others, and believe in the dark attitudes of life. Since it is natural for humans to avoid and to protect themselves from any possible danger, it is no surprise that those students who come across as either hazardous or intimidating are alienated from the rest of the student
Labeling theory holds that society, by placing labels on juvenile delinquents, stigmatizes them, leading to a negative label for a youth to develop into a negative self-image which in turns marks them and categorizes them in a negative light and once they feel they are glorified in that light they tend to accept it and commit more crimes because they feel as if they are being recognized for it (Menna, 2007). The labeling theory and how it relates to adult offenders. There are two consequences of labelling - the creation of stigma and the modification of self-image Stigma refer to the public attitude of condemnation and the subsequent exclusion of the criminal. The criminal is seen as a person to be avoided and treated with suspicion. The criminal is barred from certain types of employment, the family may make them unwelcome, the police may give them an undue amount of attention.
Due to the fact that the Negros are brainwashed by their oppressors, they believe their inferiority to the other races to be true. The oppressor starts the mis-education of the Negro in school. School is the most powerful factor that an oppressor has because he has full control over the Negros thoughts and believes. Every race would be brainwashed and manipulated if “The thought of the inferiority is drilled into [them] in almost every class [they] enter and in almost every book [they] study” (Woodson, 2). This is not an educated person; this is a person who is trained to fit society according to the oppressor’s standards.
This type of social influence is also known as compliance and has been demonstrated in research by Asch, where participants clearly felt uncomfortable deviating from the majority position. Research by Garandeau and Cillessen can be used to support the concept of normative social influence using bullying behaviour. They have shown how groups with a low quality of interpersonal friendships may be manipulated by a skilful bully so that the victimisation of another child provides the group with a common goal, creating pressure on all to comply. The way in which this supports the concept of normative social influence is by demonstrating that children will comply with others due to fear of rejection, wanting to be part of a social group and because of the need for companionship. The Japanese massacre of Chinese at Nanking can be explained using normative social influence.
Mindsets In the nonfictional book, “Mindset” written by Carol S. Dweck, she mentions that students get fixed mindsets. There are many ways to cause a student to have one because students may tend to take what parents, teachers, etc… say seriously. She also says that most students get their mindsets from the transaction to a junior high. Students with a fixed mindset will always have bad grades, and the fact that they will always try to blame someone else. A student’s mindset comes from negative labeling from parents or teachers, or stereotypes based on race and class.
This kind of harm inflicted by racial injustice can be psychological because it can mess with the victims, making them feel like they are nothing based on how they are treated. This can damage ones self-identity. King states “Whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly (204).” King fights to sop this suffering even if it’s not from his community, because he believes that we are all equal and “tied” together. Human beings can only take in so much before they break down. These individuals are the ones who suffer more while yet, end up hurting themselves more.