Summary Of The History Of Ireland

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Tyler Begley Mr. Malone Geography 5 April 2012 Ireland The country of Ireland is more than just four leaved clovers and leprechauns. The Irish have their own unique heritage and culture. A country that has endured numerous wars and famine is now back to its blissful state of peace and commerce with the world. However, the journey to get where they are today was everything but peaceful. In the fifth century, St. Patrick brought Christianity from England. He established many monasteries which became the main centers of learning and education. St. Patrick had convinced the King about the Holy Trinity by using a shamrock. The large number of monasteries generated an enormous amount of illustrated Bibles. It was with these Bibles that the Irish missionaries took their religion to every corner of Europe. During their travels, many items were traded and sold boosting the economy of Ireland. This period was labeled the “Golden Age”. The Vikings had heard of their newly found wealth and made war with Ireland. They ransacked many villages near the coast. The Vikings were defeated by King Brian Boru in 1014. After Boru passed away, rivalries within the kingdom sent the country into chaos for nearly a century until Normans arrived from England. The Normans installed order and prosperity. Many years later, the England decided to re-conquer Ireland. In 1601, O’Donnell, King of Ireland, attempted to fight them off but failed and was put into exile. James II was put in charge and tried to make Ireland a better place by killing all who he deemed unworthy. He was inclined from the throne for attempting to install Catholicism into the nation by William of Orange in 1688. He defeated James II on the battle field on July 12, 1690. This day is celebrated annually as Orangeman’s Day. Patrick Sarsfiel was given the throne and wars between England raged on until the signing

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