Summary of Aristotle

381 WordsOct 17, 20142 Pages
Summary of Aristotle Aristotle was a famous Greek philosopher who believed that virtues were not inborn but rather developed through training, experience, and constant repetition. He explained that virtue consisted of two parts: the moral and the intellectual. The moral virtue rose from habits, however the intellectual virtue originated from teaching and depends on experience and time. Both parts of virtues are formed in us and by time we get adapted to accept them and this is perfected by habit. Aristotle focuses on the point of learning and experience, in which he says that we improve our learning by experiencing various actions and situations. Moreover, he provides an example of men building houses and by time they become defined as builders. Thus, by performing a specific action we learn, and by constant learning and experience the action becomes a habit that we are no longer required to think of it before acting. Furthermore, Aristotle believed that as people grow older they tend to develop specific habits that will enable them by time to make the right decisions and choices. These right choices in Aristotle’s point of view fall between two extremes which are both bad in themselves. Since, it’s never good to do too little or too much of anything because this destroys strength. Moderation is always the best solution in any condition. In addition, Aristotle also elaborated on the necessity to study the suspect of actions and to know how to perform them. We should always be able to distinguish the defect and the excess in order to preserve the mean. Moreover, Aristotle also discusses an important topic which talks about people having certain traits as a result of certain actions. For example, men can become just and temperate by performing just and temperate actions. He goes on to talk about the three qualities in the origin of the soul which are Passions,

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