Summary of the main line in Romans

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If someone reads the New Testament he can find many similarities in Paul’s letters. There are many topics that Paul includes both in the letter to Romans and his other letters. Some of these topics are Justification by faith, Abraham as example, Slave of sin, flesh and spirit and others. There is only one section that discusses a topic unparalleled in the earlier letter, a lengthy discussion of the role of Israel. Nevertheless, such extensive parallels imply a sense of summing up, a synthesizing of Paul's earlier ideas—perhaps another reason why Romans was put first in the collection of his letters. The most extensive parallels are between Romans and Galatians, but significant differences also exist in both the tone and the specific arguments of the two letters. Although Romans defends much the same ground staked out in Galatians—that only faith makes one right with God - someone who reads the letter to Romans and the letter to Galatians and compare them, can easily see that the sarcasm, coarse humor and ironic belittling of his opponents is gone. Here Paul is conciliatory, entreating rather than demanding, disagreeing without being disagreeable. The main purpose of the epistle to the Romans is given by Paul in Romans 1:1, where he reveals that he is set apart by God for the purpose of preaching the Gospel. He wishes to impart to the Roman readers a gift of encouragement and assurance in all that God has freely given them. Others reasons might be that • Paul asks for prayers for his upcoming journey to Jerusalem; he hopes that the offering collected from the Gentile churches will be accepted there . • Paul is planning to travel to Rome from Jerusalem and spend some time there before moving on to Spain; he hopes the Roman church will support his mission to Spain. •

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