Summary: Brain Response Of Behavior

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Associate Level Material Appendix C Brain Response of Behavior Part I Note: Parts II and III follow below, complete all three. Write a 350- to 700-word response to the following: Explain the communication process of neurons in the brain. List some common neurotransmitters and describe their effect on behavior. The communication process between neurons in the brain is done through electrical pulses between neurons. The neurons communicate to pass messages to certain parts of the body from the brain. The presynaptic neuron accepts the chemicals from other neurons and then fires which in turn allows it to release its chemicals to the postsynaptic neuron. This process repeats from one neuron to the next. The chemicals that…show more content…
The chemicals are passed in between the synaptic cleft. The synaptic cleft is a small gab in between two neurons. The neuron is sending the neurotransmitter from it axon terminal. The neurotransmitter is the chemical that a neuron sends when sending a message to another neuron. the receiving neuron receives the neurotransmitter through its receptor site located on the part of the neuron called the dendrite .there are two main neurotransmitters known as excitatory neurotransmitters and inhibitory neurotransmitters. The excitatory neurotransmitters help communicate a nerve impulse and an inhibitory neurotransmitters black the communication of nerve impulses. Neurotransmitters affect our behavior by the way that they communicate with the motor neurons and what they tell them to do. The neurons need the right amount of dopamine and acetylcholine for muscles to work. Neurons are all over our bodies telling arms legs and all other parts to move when the brain sends the message. I believe that our bodies are made up of many neurons that protect our body when it gets hurt, they are the brains little helpers. The muscle is controlled…show more content…
The sound of the bat hitting the ball enters the ear and is then processed by the through the brain stem into the limbic system and from there it passes in to the parietal lobe to be processed by the somatosensory cortex to be processed. Then the somatosensory cortex passes back to the temporal lobe to be processed in the auditory cortex to be recognized as a sound. The process of receiving the sound is sent to the frontal lobe to tell the neurons what to do. This process only takes a few seconds. In the second picture the auditory cortex has recognized that sound was a ball being hit and then sends messages to the occipital lobe which is where the visual cortex is. The visual cortex sends a message to the eye to look for the object that was hit. When the eyes see the object it sends a message back to the visual cortex and then the visual cortex examines how far the ball is. In the third picture the sound has been identified and the object observed the visual cortex and the auditory cortex send a message to the frontal lobe to the motor cortex to process the action to be taken by the limbs. The motor cortex sends a message to the arm to catch the ball in the
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