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Cyber Law: © Dr. Qais Faryadi (F.S.T) WHAT IS INVITATION TO TREAT? Invitation to treat or simply speaking information to bargain means a person inviting others to make an offer in order to create a binding contract. An example of invitation to treat is found in window shop displays and product advertisement. Invitation to treat comes from the Latin phrase invitatio ad offerendum and it means inviting an offer. In another words it is a special expression showing a person’s willingness to negotiate. When a shopkeeper makes an invitation to treat may not accept any offer on his goods as soon as it is accepted by the person who makes an offer. There is a difference between an offer and invitation to treat. When A accepts an offer from B a contract is complete. When B accepts an advertisement in a shop window, he is actually making an offer. It is up to the advertiser to accept or to reject the offer. The issue of invitation to treat was discussed in the case of Fisher v Bell 1 by the English Court of Appeal: “It is perfectly clear that according to the ordinary law of contract the display of an article with a price on it in a shop window is merely an invitation to treat. It is in no sense an offer for sale the acceptance of which constitutes a contract.” As such when a person displays a good on his shop or advertises something in his shop window merely bargaining an offer on it. In other words, the seller is just promoting his goods for sale and asking the customers to make an offer. Once the customer picks up the item and goes to the counter to make payment he/she is making an offer. At this point, it is up to the cashier to accept or reject the payment. Once the cashier accepts the payment, a legally binding contract is formed. Similarly, when a person displays something in his/her website with a price on it, is actually asking customers to
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