Sugar Trade Dbq

312 Words2 Pages
What Drove the Sugar Trade? Sugar has been in use since about 9000 years and has spread throughout the world but it wasn’t until Christopher Columbus in 1493 introduced sugar cane to the Caribbean Islands that the sugar industry boomed. The main components that drove the sugar trade were the rising consumer demand and capital it produced. Before the fifteenth century many Europeans had no idea what sugar was and how significant it would become over the next few centuries. Sugar was used as a sweetener in other imports such as chocolate, coffee, and tea. Tea became one of the most important beverages in the United Kingdom and further expedited the need for sugar(doc. 4). The British sugar imported from 1700 to 1770 increased from 280700 to 1379200 cwt. because of the dependency on the product (doc. 5). Sugar also had a very addictive quality and the more it was consumed the more it was wanted which further drove the trade(doc 3). The consumer demand for sugar and the slave labor the sugar trade create a flourishing capital. The Caribbean islands were a great place for sugar to be produced because of the warm climates, rainfall, latitude, and soil composition (doc. 2). Since the sugar was produced from colonies it was exported cheaply to England where it was processed and sold back to the colonies for money which benefited the ‘mother country’(doc. 12). To buy an adult male slave on the West African coast was on 14 pounds in 1748 and to sell a slave in England during the same year was 32 pounds(doc 9). Even the people who sold the slaves and weren’t in direct contact with the sugar trade benefited. Slave labor was also very cheap which and they were only paid 18 British pounds in a year which was very little in that
Open Document