Suffering Of Jews During The Holocaust Essay

1470 WordsJun 19, 20116 Pages
Hazards Mountains may seem invincible, but they are highly susceptible to natural hazards. Shifting continental plates at their base cause earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Air condenses on their slopes and around their peaks forming rain and snow that can trigger devastating floods and avalanches. Steep mountain slopes turn rocks, mud and debris into fast moving deadly flows. These events put mountain people — already among the world’s poorest and hungriest — at constant risk of calamity. As global warming upsets the delicate balance of mountain ecosystems and population pressure pushes people into dangerous areas, these events are becoming more frequent. Yet, although the forces of nature cannot be tamed, steps can be taken to reduce the risk of disaster. Natural hazard plus vulnerability equals disaster The nature of mountain ecosystems increases the chance of floods, droughts, eruptions, hurricanes, avalanches, debris flows, landslides and other hazards. These natural events become disasters when mountain people active in these places get in harms way. Many people in mountain regions live in extreme poverty, forcing them to settle in unsafe areas. Their isolation hampers efforts to warn of impending threats and leaves them waiting longer for emergency help when tragedy strikes. And because mountain people reside far from centres of commerce and suffer high rates of illiteracy, their voice is limited in government policies and decisions. At the same time, fragile mountain environments are under increased stress from the growing demands of modern society. Excessive logging strips protective forests. Development of tourism infrastructures upsets fragile ecological balances. Inappropriate road construction makes mountain slopes unstable. Mismanaged mining raises the possibility of landslides. Global warming is first noticeable in mountainous areas, where

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