Suburbanisation. Is It Because of Transport?

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‘Suburbanisation is a result of improvements in Transport’ to what extend do you agree with this statement? Suburbanisation can be described as the movement of people, industry and services from the centre of inner urban areas outward to the fringes of major cities also known as the suburbs. It is one of the many causes of the increase in urban sprawl. In this essay I will be discussing whether or not the improvement in Transport has led to this increase in Suburbanisation or if other factors (such as……) have played a significant role also. Los Angeles and London are both good examples of this process which began in the 1900’s and is still occurring today. In the early 20th century, The Pacific Electric Railway was built in LA which led to the spread of the population from the central business district area towards the outskirts and suburbs. People were able to move more efficiently, quickly and cost effectively. This effect was intensified by the ascendance of the automobile with the Model T. It helped fill in the gaps between these commuter towns with the lower-density settlements. People had a greater choice of where to live due to the convenience brought about by these improvements in transport. Similarly, London made huge improvements on their public transport facilities, particularly the Bakerloo line. This enabled people to move to outskirts such as Harrow and commute to work every morning. Also, the development of ‘fast-trains’ from Watford Junction, Bushey and Harrow to central Euston has enabled commuters to live in suburban areas but travel to the CBD in less than 20 minutes. (More detail plus facts). However, there are other push and pull factors aside from transportation that have been significant in terms of their contribution to suburbanisation. Firstly in almost all CBD’s there are high levels of pollution caused by industry, high population

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