Summary: The Mall as a Threat to Democratic Values In her article, “The Mall as a Threat to Democratic Values,” Lizabeth Cohen warns that the private nature of malls, which have displaced town squares as centers of community and commerce, threaten rights once guaranteed to American citizens. Furthermore, she argues that, though malls front as catalysts of community, their varied and limited appeals segregate consumers by class and thus race. According to Cohen, shopping centers were conceived as a home for both commerce and community. However, many conflicting rights accompanied this dual commitment. When retailers learned that certain rights, specifically free speech and assembly, could hamper sales, they sought to dictate a desirable balance, resulting in legal clashes that ultimately reached the Supreme Court (405).
If individuals were to resist by complaining there would be a possibility that they could be displaced. Neighbors do not always get along whether it is because of race or ethnicity but when it comes to a person’s home being threaten the mind set of ‘the enemy of my enemy is my friend’ seems like it would be instinctive but “race and ethnicity, rather than presenting a unifying advantage, can sometimes present an added challenge for [those] facing gentrification” (Kirkland, 24 citing Betancur). Resistance does not always have to be an aggressive act as proven by those who chose to stay in the gentrified
In particular anti-harassment policies. Any employer who has not updated its anti-harassment policies since the United States Supreme Court decision in Burlington Industires, Inc. v. Ellerth and Faragher v. City of Boca Raton should do so promptly (Mautner, 2000). In Hafford v. Seidner the courts recognized that the overall harassment experienced may not have been based exclusively on his race but also on hostility to him as a ‘black Muslim.’ They showed that the theory of hostile-environment claim is that the cumulative effect of ongoing harassment is abusive. In this case the courts realized that even though the harassment was not all based on race, it was caused by their bias against his religion. All anti-harassment policies should include language prohibiting harassment on the basis of all protected categories and provide an easy to use complaint
Essay: Comparison/Contrast essay: two views on homelessness Instructor: Beasley DIRECTIONS: Write an essay that addresses the following writing topic: WRITING TOPIC—Describe Kozol’s type of the homeless. Describe Bliss’s? Are these authors’ views of the homeless primarily similar, different, or both? Furthermore, which type of homeless person do you think is more problematic to society-- Kozol’s or Bliss’s? Why do you think so, and what theoretical solutions would you propose to make measurable progress in solving the homeless problem?
When ethnocentrism is present, it has the affect of having people sort out members of society by group lines, usually by using an easily identifiable characteristic (skin tone) into "us" and "them". But Noel cautions that ethnocentrism by itself is not enough to cause ethnic stratification. There exist historical examples of groups with ethnocentric beliefs that lived side by side in peace. A second condition cited by Noel that is needed for ethnic stratification is competition. Competition is where there is a struggle for scare resources which could include anything from land, labor, jobs, and housing to educational opportunities.
It is sometimes easier to have general categories rather trying to understand the complexities of the human life. This however goes against the ethos and ethical framework which professional counselling works within. The newspapers often stereotype for example illegal immigrants are made out to be bad people and that they should be sent home. I believe they should be seen as individual’s cases and their stories should be told as if the truth was seen and why they do what they do, it would be hard pushed to want to sent them home. Stereotyping is a very narrow minded
In the novel, The Road by Cormac McCarthy there are many different aspects of good and evil, some of which could be misunderstood due to one’s interpretation between the two because of the pressures of society. Specifically asking the questions what distinguishes the two and if human nature plays a role in determining what is the most basic factor “good” or “evil”. The novel suggests there is not really any good and evil however the manner in which the character adapts to the new world can be viewed in either a positive or negative manner. The true distinction between good and evil behavior is how people survived in abandoned civilization and how one encountered its hardships. This is evident in the journey of a father and son, struggling for food, warmth and basic necessities that one needs to live.
While people will admit their first thoughts may be general images, people do not easily admit their unconscious thoughts that hold preconceptions and bias that are racist. Personal identification with an ethnic or cultural group does not result in alienation from society; the unconscious mind which drives social conformity drives the bias that causes alienation. Unconscious bias creates alienation because it holds deep racism and prejudice that hinders the progress of assimilation of cultural groups in American society. A research study entitled, “Somali Immigrant Settlement in Small Midwestern U.S. Communities: The Case of Barron, Wisconsin,” by Jessica Schaid and Zoltan Grossman examined Somalis in Barron, Wisconsin, known as the “Turkey Capital” because of the Jennie-O Turkey Factory located there (Schaid & Grossman, 2007). Schaid and Grossman reported that the movie Black Hawk Down and the suspicion of Muslims after 9/11 have created bias that has given impetus to tensions in the Barron community.
In the article Held up in Due Course: Predatory Lending, Securitization, and the Holder in Course Doctrine by Kurt Eggert published by the Creighton Law Review, the crime of mortgage fraud is discussed. The Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994 or HOEPA, which amended the Truth in Lending Act or TILA, establishes requirements for certain loans with high rates and/or fees [FTC]. HOEPA and TILA offer protection for the borrower. But because of predatory lenders and mortgage fraud, these attempts to protect consumers by the federal government alone are not enough. “The goal of predatory lending is to coerce or trick homeowners into obtaining loans with interest rates or fees higher than the borrowers' credit profiles and the market would justify or loans larger than or different from what the borrowers need, want or can afford,” [Eggert].
The recommendation to develop objective criteria in order to fairly distribute the value is not appropriate in reality. The fact that the existence of objective criteria can be questioned, provides the negotiator with an incentive to misuse the Harvard method in order to enhance his or her outcomes for the disadvantages of the other party. In the "Mustbach" exercise I took the role of the seller whereas my partner Sandra was obliged to buy a configured car. I actively took the initiative and asked Sandra a lot of questions about her interests and her willingness to obtain and sacrifice certain features. In comparison with my preference structure I found out