According to the textbook the Constitution has three functions the first being to set up a structure for the federal government and rules for modifying the constitution, second provide powers for branches of the government and third to grant protections and liberties for United States Citizens from illegal or unlawful government practices. After understanding that the Constitution lays the ground work for the established legal system as we know it. Along with the guidelines that are followed lawfully ethics and values plays a role in how laws are followed and interpreted. Different laws address different issues and pertain to specific areas. Established laws are also implemented to safeguard citizens from harm, possible inequities and illegal behavior.
Distinguish between the three contemporary theories of American democracy and politics (pluralist, elite and class, and hyperpluralist) and identify some of their strengths and weaknesses. 6. Understand the nature of the scope of government in American
This essay will explore the differences and similarities between two social scientists’ view of how social order is made and rebuilt. Both are concerned with governance (Silva, E, pg. 309), that being the action or manner of governing either individuals or society as a whole and how authority and discipline are exercised. The two propositions that will be compared and contrasted are: · Goffman - that social order is produced through the everyday actions and practices of people as they live their lives (Silva, E, pg. 316) · Foucault - that social order is produced through the power of knowledge and discourse (that which is talked about), which are the products of historical processes (Silva, E, pg.
Federalist No. 51 OVERVIEW The framework of the American government today--a representative government with a strong federal government--was laid out in a series of essays or treatises collectively called the Federalist Papers. The author of Federalist Paper 51 is not known. The author argues that the Constitution's federal system and separation of powers will protect the rights of the people. GUIDED READING As you read, consider the following questions: • Why is the author so concerned with the distribution of power between the parts of government?
Running head: Final Project Essay: 1) PA260-02: June 19, 2015 Unit 9 Assignment Kaplan University Final Project Essay PA260-02: Criminal Law Professor Wendi Cline Final Project Essay Introduction: Law- making, as practiced by both the legislature and the judiciary, carries implicit beliefs about human society. It is concerned about social organization, and the concepts of powers and rights are defined in the context of allocation of finite resources, and the less definable concepts of dignity, equality and entitlements. The law, maybe defined as the universal discipline of virtue impressed in the heart and mind of human beings to guide them in the exercise of their rights. In other words, it must be a choice which will prove to be correct in the light of the experience and inner convictions of the law- maker or the judge who interprets the law. 1).
The three sociological paradigms are one Functionalism which is a society viewed as a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability, order and common beliefs. The second is Conflict, a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict, change and a continuous power struggle. The third is Symbolic Interactions which is the way we communicate and symbolic meaning, harmony and cooperation. I also understand that a paradigm cannot be tested and that a theory can, which leads me to the two sociologists I chose that have a connection to all three paradigms I listed. The first is, Max Weber who was a German Conflict theorist who in part responsible for the development of the Symbolic Interactionist paradigm because he argued that meaning requires understanding.
An example of a law created by Parliament is s.18 GBH under the Offences Against the Persons Act 1861 which carries a sanction of up to life imprisonment. The Oxford English definition of justice is ‘the administration of law or some other authority according to the principles of just behaviour and treatment.’ Just is also defined as ‘morally right and fair’ and ‘appropriate or deserved.’ Many philosophers have tried to define justice and their theories can be divided into three main areas, Justice as Harmony, Distributive Justice and Utilitarianism. Socrates and Plato theorised Justice as harmony. They said that a person’s souls has three elements; reason – the mind responsible for making decisions, spirit – human will responsible for carrying out decisions and desire – emotions that need to be controlled. They believe justice is achieved when all of these elements fulfil their functions and work in harmony.
Emile Durkheim is one of the classical figures of sociological theory. Concern structure models arise at several points in Durkheim’s work. Below I outline the concern structure of his concept of social solidarity as summarized by Sztompka (Sztompka, 1993), and his categorization of suicide as summarized by Best (Best, 2003). Social Solidarity Durkheim described two forms of social solidarity: a mechanical form based on uniformity, command and control and an organic form that protected individual rights and interpersonal diversity, developing collective commitment through the institution of civil society. Social solidarity can be described in terms of four functions, as follows: P – Economic Structures A – Social Control E – Character of activities/main social bond I – Position of the individual P – Economic Structures (Can be Mechanical or Organic) Mechanical Order: Isolated, self-ruling, self-sufficient groups with tight internal roles.
The conflicts over trade, taxes, and government representation brought about the revolution that began shaping the United States as it is today. Although there were many economic influences on the American Revolution, these were not the primary causes of it. The colonists believed that the king of England, King George III at the time, was too controlling over the colonies, with tyrannical attitude and laws. This is shown in the Declaration of Independence, declaring the United States free from "absolute Tyranny over the States." To add to this conflict, British forces were attempting to intimidate the colonists into just plainly giving up.
The famous philosopher Aristotle once said, “The special characteristic of a citizen is that he shares in the administration of justice, and in public offices.”(Britannica) For this argument, we first need to know what citizenship means, how to become a citizen, how citizens balance their rights and responsibilities and the possibility of being a dual citizen. Dual citizenship is defined as the status of a person who is a legal citizen of two or more countries. (Dictionary.com) According to Randall’s review, “Historically the largest number of dual nationals has resulted from the interplay of different birthright nationality laws under which citizenship at birth can be ascribed both by location and by parentage, so that the child born in one nation to a parent holding citizenship in another nation will hold both nationalities at birth.” (Hansen and Weil 2005, 20) For instance, the UK and the USA have different standards of identification of birthplaces. People who are born on the British merchant ship can be considered as British citizens, and it will not matter where the merchant ship is located. Unlike the UK, the United States believes that people who are born in American mare clausum can obtain the American citizenship, no matter which merchant ship he or she is on.