A strength of the psychodynamic approach is that it reminds us that experiences in childhood can affect us throughout our lives without us being aware that it is happening. Some experiences in childhood may be so emotionally painful that the only way the child can cope is by repressing the memory of these experiences into the unconscious. Therefore, the approach accepts that everyone can suffer mental conflicts and neuroses through no fault of their own. The approach also offers a ‘cure’ for abnormality through psychoanalysis by reaching the underlying
This theory tends to look at individuals as the composite of their parental upbringing and how particular conflicts between themselves and their parents and within themselves get worked out. Mental illness is a result of an unsuccessful progression through childhood development stuck in the "anal" stage, which in turn, has resulted in problems with the balance of your personality structure (the ego, superego, and
Updates from latest discussion:- Q2) To include the following factors: Analytical write-up of developmental stages of Will (Pls refer to Book 1, pg 59 to 62) Childhood Instability in the home Will moved from one foster home to another: emotionally & mentally distressing Psychological abuse Psychological mistreatment suffered from Will Eg. Punished unrealistically through overtly negative reinforcements eg. excessive criticisms, threatened periodically with abandonment (presumption - as Will had been subjected with physical abuse at 3 foster homes, he could have been threatened with abandonment due to his misbehaviours) Negative reinforcements contributed to Will’s low & inferior self-esteem Unmet Needs
The psychodynamic theory says that the reason for substance abuse is that people have a dependency problems that come from an earlier time. Often people who develop a substance abuse problem lacked nurturing as a child and they developed a dependency problem. I think that this is the case just because it is what I have observed in my own
These feelings may come from an experience in his or hers childhood, adolescent, or in adulthood. Psychodynamic therapy uses the assumption that everyone has a subconscious, and feelings held in the subconscious are often too painful to face. Humanistic-existential is the approach, which tries to do justice to the whole person including mind, body and spirit; to enable the patient to find constructive ways of coming to terms with every day challenges. Behavior therapy focuses on the present. This type of therapy helps patients overcome phobias and self-destructive behavior.
Having a caregiving environment of mind-mindedness, a state in which the parents treat their children as independent thinkers, is a necessary condition for the best development of interpersonal interpretive function. Individuals suffering from BPD have an inadequate ability to understand that their reactions and other’s reactions are driven by thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and desires. Attachment trauma is also thought to be part of the history of those with BPD. Attachment theory suggests that early experience with caregivers serves to organize later attachment relationships and has been used to explain the psychopathology of BPD (Fonagy, Target, Gergely, Allen, & Bateman, 2003). Childhood maltreatment studies have offered diverse predictors in the types of childhood maltreatment associated with BPD.
In Kay Nuyens’ article, “Invisible Scars: Verbal Abuse” she explains how victims are sometime relieved that there was no physical abuse but don’t see the signs of severe chronic stress that has damaged their body and mind. They are convinced they were just being too sensitive and “…their emotional reaction [was] their own fault.” (Nuyens.) However, scars left from the verbal and emotional abuse are deeper than the ones from the physical abuse. “Children of hostile or verbally abusive mothers were equally negatively affected as compared with children of physically abusive mothers. The negative impact on children of psychologically unavailable mothers (i.e., denying emotional responsiveness) was judged to be the most devastating.” (Myers 86-87).
This forgotten disorder is causing havoc on the academic and career achievement of many adolescence and young adults. Fortunately, there is hope via appropriate treatment which will allow ADHD patients to function in a normal way, so they do not miss out on the opportunities of their non-ADHD peers. One of the most prevalent psychiatric conditions in childhood is pervasive behavioral symptoms that are classified as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and commonly known by the acronym of ADHD (Lemiere et al., 2010). The disorder is usually seen in approximately 5 percent of children (Carlson & Carlson, 2011). These pervasive behavioral problems include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention.
“So clearly, at least in very young children, one will have to be looking for bipolar disorder underneath ADHD symptoms.” (Barbara Geller 2005). I believe this gives me my position of Bipolar and ADHD being the same disorder, or linked in a very strong way. Symptoms common to both Bipolar, and ADHD immediate professional help is always desirable for either of these disorders. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is generally considered to be a developmental disorder, largely neurological in nature. The disorder typically presents itself during childhood, and is characterized by a persistent pattern of
According to Penn, Waldheter, Perkins, Mueser, and Lieberman, (2005), this type of therapy has shown based on their research data it has reduced symptoms, assisting individuals with dealing with their illness. This research seems to support the research provided in the study of Wong and colleagues regarding Early Intervention for Psychotic Disorders, (2012). It appears that many researchers are truly engulfed in the methodology of early intervention in terms of treatment. The study showed that schizophrenia was the most disabling of the mental illnesses and the most life impacting. The research done in the study Psychosocial treatment for first-episode psychosis showed that psychosocial and pharmacological treatment early on provided better results that if implemented later on, (Penn et al, 2005).