Substance Abuse Disorders & Case Study

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Substance Abuse Disorders & Case Study Substance Related disorders comes in three forms; Substance use, substance abuse and substance dependence. Substance use is defined as “the ingestion of psychoactive substances in moderate amounts that does not significantly interfere with social, educational or occupational functioning (Barlow & Durand 2006). There are many forms of substances that can be abused. They include but are not limited to Alcohol, amphetamines, cocaine, opioids, marijuana, nicotine, caffeine and LSD. Substance abuse is defined as when the use of a substance disrupts your education, job, or relationships with others and puts you in physically dangerous situations and if you have related legal problems. (Barlow & Durand 2006). Substance dependence is where a person is physiologically dependent on the drug or drugs, requires greater amounts of the drug to experience the same effect, and will respond physically in a negative way when the substance is no longer ingested (Barlow & Durand 2006)Over fifty percent of American Adults over the age of twelve report using Alcohol at some point. (Barlow & Durand 2006) One positive note is that in a study done in 2005 has shown a decrease in substance use among teenagers (NIDA 2005). A smaller percentage of people abusing substances earlier in life hopefully will lead to a smaller percentage of people abusing substances later in life. Two of the three Substance Related disorders DSM-IV-TR are defining as having a negative effect on the individual’s life. For the most part individuals are a part of a group whether it be family or friends. If the individual is being effected in a negative way chances are good that they will in turn affect those around them in a negative way. Substances that are abused can take many forms. While many of them are illegal i.e. cocaine, heroin etc…
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