Study Essay

4368 WordsJul 13, 201518 Pages
CRIME AND HOUSING IN MALAYSIA: CASE STUDY OF TAMAN MELATI TERRACE HOUSING IN KUALA LUMPUR Mohammad Abdul Mohit & Hanan Mohamed Hassan Elsawahli Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design, International Islamic University Malaysia, MALAYSIA mohd.mohit@gmail.com ABSTRACT Recently, Malaysia has adopted the “Safe city program”, which is focused towards creating violence and crime free cities. To achieve this, it is important to address crimes and disorder in residential areas. So far studies identified that changes in built environment and modifications in space design can impact residents and offenders’ perceptions of criminality. Various CPTED measures are employed to create defensible space. This paper examines the effect of physical design on the occurrences of crime in Taman Melati residential area of Kuala Lumpur City and tests the effects of the built environment on the possibility of crime reduction through physical planning measures. © 2010 cE-Bs, FAPS, UiTM. All rights reserved. Keywords: Crimes; Terrace housing; Environmental design; Safe city; CPTED. ASIAN JOURNAL OF E NVIRONMENT-BEHAVIOUR S TUDIES, VOLUME 1, N UMBER 3, S EPTEMBER 2010 INTRODUCTION Malaysia has been experiencing accelerated urbanization since the last two decades. The current rate of urbanization in Malaysia is 63% (EPU, 2006, p. 361) and is projected to be 75% by the year 2020 (JPBD, 2006, p. 13). As usual, urbanization is often associated with increasing crimes in cities. Crime in housing areas has become a fact of life, with street crimes increasing; crimes against persons and properties generating considerable fear within the community, making safety an issue demanding critical attention at both local and national level. According to the statistics (CPPS, 2007), the crime index in Malaysia showed an increase of 13.4% and the crime rate has

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