Student Essay

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Developmental Theory of Children with behaviors The Behaviorist Approach Grand Canyon University EDU 313N 8/8/2010 Developmental Theory of Behaviorist “Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to interpretation in terms of consciousness. The behaviorist, in his efforts to get a unitary scheme of animal response, recognizes no dividing line between man and brute. The behavior of man, with all of its refinement and complexity, forms only a part of the behaviorist's total scheme of investigation." (http://www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Psych/rwozniak/behaviorism.html) Behaviorism can trace its roots as far back as the twentieth century, to a time when many psychologists emphasized self-analysis of mental processes (introspection) or the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud. (http://www.ryerson.ca/~glassman/behavior.html) However, researches Ivan Pavlov and John B. Watson began to develop a framework which emphasized observable processes (environmental stimuli and behavioral responses). This new approach, behaviorism grew in popularity for some fifty years, becoming the dominant framework for experimental research. (http://www.ryerson.ca/~glassman/behavior.html) The theories and research of the Behaviorist Approach gave rise to therapies designed to change behavior by using learning principles. Behaviors were to be evaluated in its own right, independent of its relationship to any consciousness that might exist. (Behaviourism: The Early Years) The concept of "consciousness" was to be rejected as an interpretive standard and eschewed as an explanatory device. As an objective,

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