Structures And Freedoms In Jazz

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Jazz is a musical genre that has for a very long time captivated its audience. Jazz music can make someone dance, indulge the moods of its listener, or just make you think. Jazz music can sound simple and straight forward, but there are many structures, and freedoms which make up jazz music. Jazz has structures, by which its musicians are given a "guide" to follow. Jazz also has freedoms, which allow the jazz musicians to expand, and alter the music. A structure in jazz music, is the rhythm section of a band. The rhythm section encompasses the bass, drums, and piano. These 3 instruments perform the accompaniment, or background music, which keeps a rhythmic pulse for the soloists, or singer. These 3 instruments lay down a solid structure, so that other musicians can improvise around them. A second structure in jazz music, is the head of a song. The head of a song is the main theme, or the main melody of a song. Most of the time, the head of a song is at the beginning of a song. Throughout the song musicians may return to the head of the selection, to reestablish the main melody. The musicians can also go to the head, to signal the ending of the song. The head of the song can setup a very good structure for the musicians, so that they can always return to it to all be on the same page. A third structure in jazz music, is a standard. A standard is a song that most musicians know the head and melody to. Jazz standards are numerous and most jazz musicians know a great many. These jazz standards are a solid structure for newly organized groups, or bands to play together, with little or no practice at all. A freedom in jazz music, is syncopation. Syncopation is the act of accenting before or after a beat, to alter the pattern of a previously steady rhythm. To syncopate a rhythm one must play accented notes where there were previously none. It is also

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