In jazz music, structures are used as blueprint by musicians to maintain place and order through a piece of music. I believe that structures are vital in Jazz due to the complex nature of the art. Are structures in jazz too limiting? I do not feel that structures are too limiting to performers. They allow musicians the freedom to express themselves creatively within the context of these rules.
It was recorded on August 22, 1938 by Decca Records, whom he had a record deal with. I would consider this piece’s genre to be Big Band Jazz/Swing with a medium/fast tempo. The detailed dynamics, syncopated rhythms, and up-tempo swing really add to the excitement of this tune, which is in the musical form AABA. The song starts off with a 2 bar piano intro which gets the rhythm flowing and lets sections continuously join in, and is followed by four 32 bar AABA choruses. The soloing instruments seem to be the tenor saxophone, piano, trumpet (sometimes muted), and more saxophones.
However, under the guidance and the Buena Vista Club album project of Juan de Marcos Gonzalez and Ry Coder, these veteran Cuban musicians were able to bring their music to the world and have it remembered by many people. The Buena Vista Social Club film also contributed to the spread of the Afro-Cuban music from these veteran musicians by giving a brief history of the musicians and showing their performances. The focus of this paper will be on one of the performances shown in the film, the song “Chan Chan” to be specific. “Chan Chan” is the first song to be performed in the film (5:10-9:04) after the film’s introduction. This song is performed in Le Carre, Amsterdam on the eleventh and twelfth of April of 1998.
It featured a mezzo soprano vocalist, Allison Sanders, a jazz trio (guitar, double bass, and drum set), and of course, the orchestra. The intertwining between the three parts was ingenious and entertaining. The orchestra would abbreviate gorgeous vocals, with several moments throughout the piece that showcase the jazz group. My own personal bias told me that the double bass could have been louder, especially since it was hooked up to an amplifier. The last piece was one of my all time favorite pieces, Dvorak Symphony No.
Dixieland jazz style is strongly inﬂuenced by the ‘traditions of blues, ragtime and brass band because Dixieland jazz was created when the traditions of blues, ragtime, and brass band were integrated into one musical piece’ (http://www.historyjazz.com). Common instruments used in this style of music are trumpet, cornet, clarinet, trombone, banjo, piano, drums, string bass, tuba and sometimes saxophone. The instruments that are in charge of rhythms and bass are the banjo, piano, drums, string bas, and tuba, and the instruments that played the melody are the trumpet, cornet, clarinet, trombone, and saxophone. Collective improvisations were used in the piece. Collective improvisations are when different front-line group instruments all play their improvisations at the same time!
Similar to the way that Jazz was viewed as a music that could absorb and evolve with alternative forms of music; the Lindy Hop was designed to also encompass the constant evolution of social desires and cultural needs, while keeping a basic foundation. Many people view the Charleston as the largest foundation to the Lindy Hop, yet others argue that the Breakaway was its core. The Breakaway is the core moment that gives the Lindy Hop the unusual feature it is
“Coltrane Changes/Cycles” is the second technique used by John Coltrane. It is basically a harmonic movement in major thirds, using the note root of a chord over the usual jazz chord progressions. One of his songs called “Giant Steps” is a perfect example for the technique. John Coltrane also learned a technique called “multiphonics” from an American jazz pianist, Thelonious Monk. The technique involves a player producing several tones simultaneously by using a calm embouchure, diverse pressure, and distinct fingerings.
Other minimalist composers include Philip Glass and John Adams. Listen to some of their work to get inspiration for your compositions. Electric Counterpoint (third movement) by Steve Reich Electric counterpoint was written for the famous jazz guitarist Pat Metheny who gave the first performance in 1987. It is in 3 movements. Instrumentation • This work is for live guitar, accompanied by parts for 7 guitars and 2 bass guitars that have been prerecorded.
Bernstein uses 3-beat ostinato to set a breathy and excited mood. Jazz Harmonies, Syncopated Rhythm & Tritone are all used in this piece. ‘Something’s coming’ has a jazz harmony. The chords in this piece have blue notes, this creates a swingy, jazzy feel to the piece and makes the piece a happy, up beat song. The piece is bitonal in places.
Orchestra’s added string sections add more flavor to the equation, being able to generate effects and sounds like plucking and even sometimes singing. Viola’s add a soft tone to the piece, and the cellos thicken up the sound with heavy moving bass lines. Marching band also contains a bass element used to maintain balance, the low brass section. Most of the same brass instruments are used in orchestra, but there are a few different versions of the low brass instruments used to make marching across the field easier. Such as the contra and the sousaphone, both of which are used in place of a regular tuba.