The impact on the personality of the individual, it has the characteristics of participation in the life of the community. The variety of contacts, relationships and active participation in the life of the surrounding general give shape to the human personality. There are two types of social structure, macro and micro which allows the individual to notice, whatever man is constantly in contact, which affects the shape of humans’ personality. One of the most important perspectives of sociological theories is the distinction between structural and social action. Structural action, in other words structuralism, is a perspective which is concerned with the overall structure of society and sees individual behavior molded by social institutions like the family, the educations, the mass media and work.
As a result, the development, nature and understanding of different social institutions, including the family, health-care systems, religion, education, media, politics and economy, are determined or affected by these three social theories. To understand the three theories and how they affect different social institutes, one must first understand what a sociological theory is. The definition put forth by Purdue states the following: “Sociological theory is a set of assumptions, assertions, and propositions, organized in the form of an explanation or interpretation, of the nature, form, or content of social action” (Purdue, p. 1). Each sociological theory mentioned above: functionalism, conflict, and interactionism, presents a different set of assumptions or perspective that define a particular
Why? Conflict perspective makes the most sense to me as a means to society because i feel like everyone in the world is competeing at something. 3.Think about an organization or business that you are involved with. What things might an interactionist be interested in studying about this organization? An interactionist might be interested in the way kids in school talk to each other or the administrations.
Socialisation starts at birth and ends at death and is very powerful in shaping individuals. It has two processes, primary socialisation which is carried out by the family or first carers and secondary socialisation which is mainly schools, the mass media and religious organisations. (Fulcher.J, Scott.J, 2003, Sociology second edition). Inequality is when there are clear boundaries in society that prevent people from attaining equal status despite their work and effort towards attaining such goals. It is about who gets what, how they get it and why they get it.
Assess the different sociological explanations for the formation of identity Identity is how you perceive yourself and how others perceive you. There are many different types of identity, personal identity is how you distinguish yourself, social identity is a person’s sense of who they are based on their group membership, A collective identity refers to individuals' sense of belonging to a group (the collective), stigmatised identity is the process by which the reaction of others spoils normal identity i.e. being disabled or having a criminal record. There are two main ways of looking at the formation of identity; macro and micro, macro such as Marxists, feminists and functionalists theorists look at it on a grand scale whereas micro theorists such as symbolic interactionism look at it from a small individual scale. Post modernists believe that some aspects of identity can bought, therefore changing how identity is formed.
Over time a stimulus may affect a segment of the population in such a dramatic way that they alter as a society their moral make. “The nature and structure of belief systems is important from the perspective of an informational theorist because beliefs are thought to provide the cognitive foundation of an attitude. In order to change an attitude, then, it is presumably necessary to modify the information on which that attitude rests. It is generally necessary, therefore, to change a person's beliefs, eliminate old beliefs or introduce new beliefs." (Richard Petty) The unfolding of time brings changes and transitions to societies.
How and why the world really works and should work. Some conceptions of ideology see ideology as the structure of assumptions which are a representation of the imaginary relation of individuals to the real condition of existence. Ideology creates us as persons, it gives us a sense of being, an existence if you will. Through Ideology people accept or reject the current way of doing things, they understanding or explain what is natural or is perceived as, and accept their role in society. Ideology brings about socialization or is a partner in crime with, and brings about the process of shaping our cognitive and emotional interpretations in our social world.
Symbolic interactionism is considered a major framework of sociological theory. The perspective behind symbolic interactionism is that individuals rely heavily upon symbolic meanings in the process of social interactions. This theory analyzes society by addressing subjective meanings that people impose on objects, events and behaviors. Subjective meaning are given priority because many people behave based upon what they believe and what’s not objectively true. So in turn society is thought to be socially built based upon human interpretations.
Social semioticians see all semiotic action as social action, as embedded in larger economic and cultural practices and power relations. However, what makes social semiotics distinctive is its belief that all social action is semiotic, because changes in social practices are heavily affected by changes in discursive practices and their textual renditions (van Leeuwen, 2005). Having the power to break the rules of semiotic production also means having the power to intervene and possibly change the ideological currents that
Functionalists see society as a set of parts which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are similar in that, they see the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe that people are portrayed as creature within the social system.