• Questions may be interpreted by respondents in ways the researcher did not foresee or intend. In relation to question: Advantages: - Teachers much less likely to disguise their true feelings in order to protect their professional image (Item B). - Anonymity in this kind of research is important because of the sensitiveness of the topic, questionnaires allow this. - Quick and easy, people do not have to put in much effort or allow someone to ‘get to know them’ at a more personal level, thus more people are likely to take part in the research, increasing the overall reliability. Disadvantages - The data collected is not qualitative, whereas the issue at hand really needs a qualitative response.
• In Schmidt’s theory, recall is simply referred to as a recall schema which initiates the response and carries it out. His theory is called recall schema, which initiates the response and carries it out. Schmidt’s theory is an example of open loop control because it controls the response. He believes that recall schema is updated after the response, which is called recognition schema. There is an individual memory representation according to Adam’s trace based recall.
For instance, the word written ‘green’ inked in blue where the participant would have to state blue. Or a list of written colors printed in other various ink colors and the participant would have to verbally state the word. For instance, the word written ‘green’ inked in blue and the participant would have to state green. The individual would complete each list as fast as they could. Stroop (1935) thought that using incongruent stimuli would cause interference and a delay in response time because of automaticity.
As Brown and Warner (1915) have pointed out, the difference in speed in reading names of colours and in naming colours may be accounted for the difference in experience called the "automatic word recognition hypothesis" or, as others have claimed, certain mental activities happen automatically even when not consciously stimulated by the subject. This phenomenon is due to the Stroop effect, and the following experiment aim to induce that same effect into the participants and observe the difference between reading the congruent and incongruent words. Twelve participants took part in the experiment. The data collected was analysed using the Inferential Statistical tests method, because this method enable us to assume that the whole population may behave in the same way as the participants in this experiment. The t-test value has been calculated and is found to be equal to 10.48.
The research suggests that capacity of short term memory could only be enlarged by grouping items together known as chunking. By chunking information, we are more likely able to remember it whether in single or combined forms which is why it’s known as the magical number seven plus or minus two. However, the experiment could also be criticised in the sense that there could have been experimenter bias and demand characteristics. It also isn’t ecologically valid since people don’t have to memorise random letter and numbers all the time. Nevertheless,
Simple emotions such as happiness and sadness are simple to convey using either medium, but more complex emotions such as confusion, nervousness and self-doubt are also possible. You can also unintentionally convey emotions using either medium. Nervousness, for instance, shows both through broken speech patterns and stuttering, but also through gestures like wringing your hands or popping your knuckles. Identity Verbal speech patterns identify specifics about your life, such as where you grew up and your level of education. Nonverbal communication is more subtle but does the same thing.
Nonverbal Experiment (Eye Contact) Sara Werch Non-verbal communication is communication without words and often occurs unconsciously. It can both complement and enhance conversation or in contrary weaken it. Though non-verbal communication is often an unconscious process, what would happen if you tried an experiment to observe how someone reacts to your own non-verbal actions? Would they change their own non-verbal communication in reaction to yours? Of all the research on nonverbal behavior, one of the most familiar is kinesics, which includes body motions like gestures, eye contact, facial expression, posture, and touch.
Since Standard English is usually time consuming to construct and difficult to use, people find it easier to use non-standard English, where the governing rules and grammar are more flexible making it efficient and easy to use. Non-standard English also complements and makes using technology less difficult and more efficient e.g. using numbers in a text “w8 4 me”. Using non-standard English also helps an individual represent and express one self-e.g. Lebanese people using words such as “cuz” for “cousin “ or Afghan origin people using the word “bachem” for brother in English.
Persons with a Realistic style expect that “Sometimes I am successful, sometimes not”. They attribute the reasons for success rather temporally unstable and situation-related. For persons with a Humble style, the explanation is “This time I was lucky”. They attribute success to external factors and experience only low levels of control when using computers
If two or more allophones cannot replace one another, these allophones are said to be contextual variants or in complementary distribution. Complementary distribution is a systematic relationship between two or more allophones, whereby one allophone can only occur in a phonetic environment I which none of the others can: they are mutually exclusive. If allophones in complementary distribution did replace one another for some reason, the resultant pronunciation would merely sound odd, or the articulation would feel awkward, but this would not cause a change of meaning. Devoicing. If an intrinsically voiced or