It was these moral which then forced Darrow to quit corporate law and help the people, he began practicing labor law and in 1894 Darrow represented Eugene V. Debs, the leader of the American Railway Union, who was prosecuted by the federal government for leading the Pullman Strike of 1894. Darrow severed his ties with the railroad to represent Debs, making a financial sacrifice. He saved Debs in one trial but could not keep the union leader from being jailed in another. Ammirus Darrow was a very important influence on his son Clarence. Ammirus was an iconoclast who publicly expressed atheistic views and abolitionist beliefs which deeply influenced and had a lasting impact on the young Clarence Darrow.
However, what made this situation even worse was the fact that the Government told the workers to go on a general strike. As the Government had sanctioned the strike, they were therefore held responsible for paying the workers’ lost wages by going on strike. The Government now was losing all the money generated from the industry in the Ruhr and was having to pay out to the striking workers. There was little else the Government could have done, but if they had not publicly told the workers to do it, it is possible that the workers would have gone on strike anyway as they would not want to work to give all their produce to the French. This way, the Government would not have to pay out compensation to the strikers.
Oscar Wilde, writes in The Soul Of Man Under Socialism, that for progress to be made, people have to be disobedient to the rules they are subjected to: « Agitators are absolutely necessary. Without them, in our incomplete state, there would be no advance towards civilization. » No progress can be made if everyone obeys every rule without complaining. There weren't only political protests that helped change the way the working class lived, there was also famous strikes, like the matcher's strike: They succeeded in getting higher pay and better working conditions after their strike. The workers of a Match factory were exposed to deadly substances and it was all revealed in the press, causing a scandal.
These actions are a product of labor relations ignorance and we have learned from out mistakes since then. With this being said, I do understand why things escalated to this level but by no means is any of it justified, especially with what we’ve learned since these earlier days. In the 19th and early 20th centuries it seemed that people thought that the only way to get what they felt they deserved was to act out in violence. “According to a study in 1969, the US has had the bloodiest and most violent labor history of any industrial nation in the world.”(wikipedia) The causes of this violence varies, but one of the main problems was that the workers would feel mistreated and they simply didn’t know any other way to show their bosses that things needed to change. The workers realized that without them, the businesses would collapse, and therefore desired fair treatment as well as fair pay.
In an attempt to increase their wages, industrial workers went on strike. The Tsar’s indecisiveness, the reality of him continuing the war against Germany although there were many thousands of casualties and the rest of Russia was starving due to the bad transportation systems, and the fact that he had broken his promises from the October Manifesto after the
Many managers took this to their full advantage. They fined the laborers for reaching work a minute late or for any of their small mistakes. Planters and managers were allowed to refuse a laborer’s resignation after the deadline had elapsed. If laborers ignorantly let the deadline escape found that on October 1st they were stopped from leaving the plantation and were forced to work for another year on that plantation at the whim of the planters and managers. This term of notice by the laborers to the planters that they were seeking employment elsewhere was another contributing cause to the riot.
If you have not yet clarified your basic assumptions: how about listing them now? (What assumptions underlie your stated aim?) What are you taking for granted about the need or the purpose? What do you assume is impossible? What do you assume are the givens?
The Causes and Impacts of the Revolutions of 1917 – Joe Ewbank Part One 'Bloody Sunday' took place on 22nd January 1905, when around 200,000 peasants protested about working conditions led by Father Gapon. They marched peacefully to the Winter Palace, where the Tsar lived, to give him a petition. The men guarding the palace panicked as Tsar Nicholas II was not home, and open fired at the protesters, killing hundreds and wounding thousands. This lost the Tsar huge amounts of popularity; before they were protesting to work with the Tsar, later against him. The Tsar lost popularity for many reasons between 1905 and 1914.