Strenghts Essay

638 WordsOct 22, 20143 Pages
•The strengths of the design argument are the strengths of inductive reasoning: inductive arguments begin with something that we can observe. It is difficult to deny the presence of order and complexity in the universe. •Inductive reasoning begins with experience which may be universal (ie everyone has had it) or it may at least be testable. •The argument does not rely upon fixed definitions that we must accept (unlike the ontological argument). •The use of analogy (the watchmaker) in this argument makes it comprehensible to us: it moves from something within our experience to try to explain something beyond it (the creation of the universe); the argument is simple and straightforward to follow. •It fits in with human reason; it encourages and deepens the study of nature; it suggests purpose in the universe; it strengthens faith. (Immanuel Kant, who rejected the argument.) •The argument is not necessarily incompatible with evolution and Big Bang: both of these processes could be part of the design of the universe. •The concept of God as designer reinforces the idea that God is involved in the history of the universe and is therefore omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent. •The design argument gives a purpose to the universe, rather than having blind nature moving in a random direction. This in turn gives the universe meaning. •When joined with other proofs for God's existence (cosmological, ontological moral, etc) the design argument raises the probability of the existence of God. This is Swinburne's cumulative argument. Weaknesses of the design argument (you should learn David Hume's criticisms) "To advance to absolute totality by the empirical road is utterly impossible. None the less this is what is attempted in the physico-theological proof." (Kant). •It is an inductive proof and therefore only leads to a probable conclusion. •Just because

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