Stream of Consciusness Essay

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Stream-of-consciousness techniques • Representation of Consciousness • Rather more intricate than representations of speech in direct or indirect mode are representations of thought, which can be conceptualised as a kind of silent speech or inner speech. Obviously, it is possible simply to represent thought, just like speech, using direct or indirect discourse: • "What horrible weather they have here," he thought. (direct discourse) • He thought that the weather in these parts was really horrible. (indirect discourse) Stream-of-consciousness techniques • Free indirect speech is a style of third- person narration which combines some of the characteristics of third-person report with first-person direct speech. (It is also referred to as free indirect discourse, free indirect style Stream-of-consciousness techniques • Comparison of styles • What distinguishes free indirect speech from normal indirect speech, is the lack of an introductory expression such as "He said" or "he thought". It is as if the subordinate clause carrying the content of the indirect speech is taken out of the main clause which contains it, becoming the main clause itself. Using free indirect speech may convey the character's words more directly than in normal indirect, as he can use devices such as interjections and exclamation marks, that cannot be normally used within a subordinate clause. Stream-of-consciousness techniques • Examples – Direct speech: • He laid down his bundle and thought of his misfortune. "And just what pleasure have I found, since I came into this world?" he asked. – Indirect speech: • He laid down his bundle and thought of his misfortune. He asked himself what pleasure he had found since he came into the world. – Free indirect speech: • He laid down his bundle and thought of his misfortune. And just what pleasure had

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