A firm’s value depends on the positive net income generated in the past. True False A firm’s value depends on the firm’s ability to generate positive cash flows now and in the future True False When determining the value of a firm, which of the following statements is true? • Inversters are risk neutral. Other things equal they prefer to pay more stocks that are less risky and have uncertain cash flows • Investers love risk. Other things equal they prefer to pay more for stocks that are more risky and have uncertain cash flows.
Two disadvantages to automation are that it costs more and it is not easily changed. 6. A products margin is determined by subtracting its manufacturing cots (labor and material) from its price. Logically, higher prices and lower labor and material costs result in higher margins. Keeping in mind the customer buying criteria, how would you increase margins for a low end product?
Cost a) Cost of Production: Albatross Anchor should look at lowering production costs in order to realize greater profit margins. By increasing production, Albatross Anchor will be able to decrease fixed costs. They would be able to spread the costs across more units which would decrease the price per unit they need to pay. Production costs decrease with increases in production levels. This will help to recapture profit margins lost to inefficiency and make them better competitors in their chosen market, (Russell & Taylor, 2011).
SWOT ANALYSIS OF ATNT: (Slide is at the end of doc) STRENGTHS: * Geographically diverse business Geographically diverse business and revenue should help shield the business from shocks in any one part of their business. Different countries or locations around the world have different characteristics. Those characteristics do not always match; therefore, a company can lower their risk by investing in part of the world with low correlations. The lower the risk, the better. This lowers risk and increases the value of the business over the long-term.
The higher the ratio the more assurance exists that the retirement of current liabilities can be made. The current ratio measures the margin of safety available to cover any possible shrinkage in the value of current assets. Normally a ratio of 2 to 1 (2.0) or better is considered good. Short-term creditors prefer a high current ratio since it reduces their risk. Shareholders may prefer a lower current ratio so that more of the firm's assets are working to grow the business.
As the time horizon increases, variable costs rely less on existing factors and restrictions and therefore will begin behaving differently which will in turn affect the cost of production (Wright, 2007). The second way a firm that’s into profit maximization can decide its greatest level of output is by way of the marginal revenue -- marginal cost method. This is done by subtracting the marginal cost from the marginal revenue that a product generates. Using marginal cost and marginal revenue as the bases, profit maximization will be obtained at the point when marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost. If the marginal revenue is greater than marginal cost this would be when a profit maximizing firm would need to increase production until marginal revenue is equal to marginal cost.
“For instance, the fall in the wage lowers people’s income and thereby reduces demand. That reduction may feed back to firms and reduce the demand for their goods, which might reduce the firms’ demand for workers” (Colander, The Limitation of Supply/Demand Analysis, 2010). “If these effects do occur, and are important enough to affect the result, they have to be added for the analysis to be complete. A complete analysis always includes the relevant feedback effects” (Colander, The Limitation of Supply/Demand Analysis,
Why would directors be more efficient than shareholders at improving managerial performance and changing their incentives? How would such a linkage tend to reduce the agency problems between managers and shareholders as a whole? Such a linkage can reduce the agency problem because it more closely ties the director’s individually efficient action with aggregate surplus; that is, the overall most efficient outcome, and optimal performance of the corporation. This means that the shareholder’s preferred outcome will more closely resemble that of the directors. Why would directors be more efficient than shareholders at improving managerial performance and changing their incentives?
After the level goes to certain degree, adding up the same amount of inventory investment would lead to less increase in customer satisfaction. Therefore, in order to balance the cost with the desire to satisfy the customer, it is not enough to only increase inventory investment, the best solution
* Assembly Lines Faults Poor design of assembly floor line is causing manufacturing delays as inter related task are done separately. * Poor Market Reputation Due to ineffective order deliveries to customers and problems with suppliers is causing Zing PC its market reputation. * Excessive Lead Time Excessive Lead time causing delays in decision making of the firm creating operational delays. 2. How could ZingPC benefit from outsourcing?