Stonehenge Essay

403 WordsApr 22, 20112 Pages
Stonehenge What is a henge? Facts about the origins of the name 'Stonehenge The definition of a henge is "a prehistoric monument built in a circular area with standing stone or wooden pillars and often enclosed by a bank or ditch, probably used for tribal or religious rituals". The origins of the name Stonehenge is taken from the combination of 'stone' and 'henge', a tribute to the biggest henge in Britain. Stonehenge is located on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England - about 137 kilometres Southwest of London. What was the purpose of Stonehenge? It is believed that Stonehenge was built as a sacred monument used for meetings and religious purposes. The key stones are aligned with major solar and lunar events. Who built Stonehenge? After extensive archaeological research it is believed that Stonehenge was built in three stages by three different cultures: * Construction 1 built by a Secondary Neolithic culture called the Windmill Hill People ( 3500 - 2600 BC ) * Construction 2 built by the Beaker people, named for their pottery drinking cups ( 2600 - 2510 BC ) * Construction 3 built by the First Wessex People ( 2600 - 2510 BC ) Fact! Stonehenge was not built by the Druids! The construction of the monument is most often incorrectly credited to the Druids - but the Druids appeared several thousand years later in history - Stonehenge was definitely not built by Druids! The Construction of Stonehenge * The Size of the Stones at the Stonehenge Construction * The 30 Sarsen stones, or sandstones, with lintels weighed up to 25 tons and stood about four metres high * The Bluestones, called Megaliths, weighed up to 4 tons * Trilithons were the heaviest of them all weighing about 45 tons * The stones were transported before the invention of the wheel! Stonehenge Theories! For thousands of years

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