Stonehenge Essay

1111 WordsOct 3, 20125 Pages
Stonehenge Stonehenge and its purpose remains a mystery even now, more than 4,000 years after it was first constructed. It could have been a temple, an astronomical calendar, or guide to the heavens. Despite the fact that we don't know its purpose for certain, Stonehenge acts as a prehistoric timepiece, allowing us to theorize what it would have been like during the Neolithic Period, and who could have built this ancient wonder. Stonehenge stands on open land of the Salisbury Plain two miles west of the town of Amesbury, Wiltshire, in Southern England. It is not a single structure but is made up of a series of earth, timber, and stone structures that were revised and re-modeled over a period of more than 1400 years. Construction took place in three phases, over 25 generations. It stands to a height of 330 ft. above sea level. Most of it was the result of human muscle and a system of ropes and wooden levers used to transport the massive stones. Primitive tools, such as red deer antlers, were used to dig up the chalky countryside of Salisbury Plain, which was then taken away on oxen shoulder blades. The design and construction involved thousands of people. The earliest portion of the complex dates to approximately 2950-2900 B.C. It is comprised of a circular bank, ditch, and counterscarp bank of about 330 feet in diameter. Just inside the earth bank is a circle of the 56 Aubrey holes that held wooden posts. Around 2100-2000 B.C., a circle about 108 feet in diameter comprised originally of 30 upright sand blocks standing 13 feet above the ground, about 6.5 feet wide, and 3 feet thick, supporting a continuous ring of “sarsen lintels” was constructed in the center of the original circle. A little later the shape of a horseshoe was added to the center it was made up of ten upright sarsens arranged as five pairs with a single lintel. About 2,000 BC, the first stone

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