Stonehenge Essay

1669 WordsNov 20, 20117 Pages
Justin Roper Research Paper 1 Stonehenge Professor Poteat Humanities 1 Stonehenge The monument of Stonehenge is the most celebrated prehistoric monument in Europe. Located in the English county of Wiltshire the construction of Stonehenge ranges from 3100 BCE to 1600 BCE. Through the years there have been many beliefs of when and why Stonehenge was built that have been proven wrong and others evolved. The main three theories are that it was built for religious gatherings, burial ground, and a way of a historic calender. These three theories have all been tested by scientists and archeologists through the years and have never been proven false. There is a lot of controversy on when exactly the monument was erected. Many scientist and archeologists have different beliefs on when and why it was built. One astronomer, Dr. Gerald S. Hawkins, of Harvard College Observatory, says that Stonehenge was the first “computer.” Other scientists believe that it was aligned to the rising, setting, and eclipses of the moon and the sun allowing them to tell the forecasts for over 350 years. Some archeologists say that the monument was built as a burial site and a place for religious ceremonies. No one is completely sure who built the monument some say it was the Romans or Druids but, that was disproved by the 20th century scientists. Most people believe that the monument was constructed by the Neolithic peoples of the British Isles. The different theories and beliefs of who built Stonehenge, why it was built, how it was built, and when it was built makes Stonehenge one of the most questioned ancient constructions ever built. Whoever and why ever the Stonehenge was built it took a lot of wisdom, patient, and man power to construct such a magnificent piece of history. There are hundreds of myths and legends about Stonehenge. Various people have contributed the

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