And limiting reagent which is the reactant that is completely consumed when a reaction is run to completion. III. Summary of Procedure In this lab the first procedure was to measure the initial temperature of NaOCl and of Na2S2O3 and measure it with a thermometer and then record it. The same thermometer is used for measuring both solutions, but the thermometer should be washed with distilled water after the using it in one solution. Afterwards a small amount of NaOCl was added to the graduated cylinder.
What volume of 2.0 M hydrochloric acid is needed to completely react with the amount of calcium carbonate in Part 2a above? c. Based on Parts 2a and 2b above, how many moles of water would be produced? 3. Ammonium chloride and calcium hydroxide react according to the following balanced equation: 2 NH4Cl(aq) + Ca(OH)2(aq) ⋄ CaCl2(aq) + 2 NH3(g) + 2 H2O(l) a. What mass of ammonium chloride is needed to make 3.0 liters of a 1.5 M ammonium chloride solution?
Objectives: The purpose of this lab is to observe the reaction of crystal violet and sodium hydroxide by looking at the relationship between concentration and time elapsed of the crystal violet. CV+ + OH- CVOH To quantitatively observe this reaction of crystal violet, the rate law is used. The rate law tells us that the rate is equal to a rate constant (k) multiplied by the concentration of crystal violet to the power of its reaction order ([CV+]p) and the concentration of hydroxide to the power of its reaction order ([OH-]q). Rate = k[CV+]p[OH-]q To fully understand the rate law, concentrations of the substances must be looked at first. The concentration is measured in molarity.
Ashley Peccatiello Experiment 7 – Dehydration of 2-Methylclyclohexanol, Tests for Unsaturation, and Gas Chromatography Date Performed: October 25, 2012 Date Written: October 29, 2012 Purpose: To dehydrate 2-methylclyclohexanol to obtain two isomers. To separate the products by simple distillation. To analyze the sample by introducing the technique of gas chromatography and unsaturation tests. Reaction: Figure 1. Overall reaction of the acid-catalyzed dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol Figure 2.
EXTRACTION: DETERMINATION OF ITS EFFICIENCY AND CALCULATION OF THE DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENT Group#4: Wassim Abdel Naby and Bianca Francisco Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry De La Salle University ABSTRACT The objective of this experiment is to demonstrate the concepts of extraction and to calculate the distribution coefficient. In the process of extraction, amount of acetic acid was the one to be determined, and this was done through the process of titration, indicator used was phenolphthalein and the titrant used was Sodium hydroxide. First, 20 ml aliquot portion of diluted acetic acid in a 125 mL Erlenmeyer flask titrated with Sodium hydroxide. Next, the second flask containing another 20 mL of acetic acid extracted by 20 mL portion toluene, this was done twice due to over titration in the first trial. Lastly, the third 20 mL aliquot portion acetic acid underwent the same procedures with flask 2 but this time with two 10 mL portions of toluene.
Introduction: Stoichiometry is the branch of chemistry concerned with measuring the proportions of elements that combine during chemical reactions (Bing). The mole ratio, which is the comparison of moles of a given reactant or product in an equation, is essential to the proper usage of stoichiometry. In the following experiments, stoichiometry and mole ratios were used to accurately predict and obtain missing proportions from the given equations. In the stoichiometry of a neutralization reaction experiment, the molarity and type of acid were predicted by the titration of an unknown acid using .1 molar (M) Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH). In the other, aluminum leftovers, the activity series was used to understand how and why the reaction took place and stoichiometry was used to predict the amount of aluminum that should have reacted in the following equation: 3CuCl2 * 2H2O (aq) + 2Al (s) 2AlCl3 (aq) + 3Cu (s) + 6H2O Stoichiometry’s importance in the laboratory is well defined in the results of the previously mentioned experiments.
In station B we tested the chemical reaction of decomposition; decomposition is the chemical reaction where the chemical compound is separated into elements or simpler compounds. In station C we tested the chemical reaction of double displacement; double displacement is the reaction where two compounds are replaced by two other compounds. In station D we tested the chemical reaction of single displacement; single displacement is when one compound is replaced by another compound. Each station is testing the law of conservation of mass by using each method in the lab. Purpose The purpose for this lab is to study the law of conservation of mass by using synthesis, decomposition, single replacement, and double replacement.
Record several points of pH and NaOH added (especially near equivalence point) to be use later to prepare a titration curve. Observations and Results Part I: Solution | pH | 0.1 M HCl | .70 | 0.1 M NaOH | 13.30 | Part II: Volume of 0.1 M NaOH at equivalence point: 35mL pH at equivalence point: 11.45 Molarity of the Unknown Acid A (HCl): 2.0 x 10-4 Discussion In this lab, we found out that water self ionizes itself into hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion naturally to a very small extent. An indicator, in an acid base reaction, is a substance whose color changes over a particular pH range. Phenolphthalein is an example of an indicator which changes from colorless to pink as pH goes from 8 to 10. We plotted the pH against the amount of base added producing a
Lab Assignment #8 Name: Jose Manuel Hernandez Jr. Report Submitted: 04/10/15 Title: Stoichiometry of a Precipitation Reaction Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to learn about precipitation reactions and their characteristics. Also, you will learn about the molarity and molar mass of a substance and how they can be used to calculate one another. Another thing is that you will learn how to calculate what the theoretical maximum amount of product is and see the difference in your theoretical and actual amount is and what percent yield it gives you. Procedure: 1. Measure 25 mL of water into a graduated cylinder.
StudyBlue Flashcard Printing of Lab Final 2211L UGA http://www.studyblue.com/servlet/printFlashcardDeck?deckId=... In the distillation experiment, the purpose of a fractionating column was to Which liquid would be most easily separated from water by simple distillation? 1. 1-propanol (bp=97 degrees C) 2. 2-propanol (bp=82 degrees C) 3. tetrahydofuran (bp=65 degrees C) 4.