He realised that to relax the mind they had to relax their muscles, as the body and mind are inter linked. He came up with the technique called Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR). (Chrysalis 2013)PMR is a systematic technique to achieve a state of relaxation. The technique advises patients to first tense the muscle for a few seconds, before releasing it to a state of relaxation. (Jacobson) In hypnosis the PMR is used throughout the suggestions of the muscles relaxing, with the physical relaxing being one of the most common made within the first induction.
As we relax we enter a more relaxed state which enables the waves to slow down. When you are dreaming or even in some medative states your brain waves slow down to 4 – 8 cycles per second which are called theta waves. These waves are associated with calmness. Theta waves are associated with our subconscious mind where we hold all our past experiences, thoughts and behaviour patterns. Activation of theta ways may bring up suppressed memories which may be very painful to that person.
The history of Hypnosis has been a long and complicated journey. Many have attempted different explanations. There are paintings from ancient Egypt which show a person asleep, with others standing over him giving the impression that the subject was being hypnotized. Although paintings can be somewhat misunderstood, this has still provided hypnotists with a great deal of excitement over the years. Franz Anton Mesmer was born 23 May 1734 in an origin now considered to be a part of Germany.
There can be confusion between hypnotic states and states of relaxation because they do cross over slightly. Psychiatrists theorize that the deep relaxation and focusing of exercises in hypnosis calm and subdue the conscious mind so it will take a less active role in the thinking process. This allows the hypnotherapist to work directly with the subconscious mind. In this state the client will still be aware of whats going on but the conscious mind takes a
We might think of hypnosis as a very recent development, but its roots stretch deep into the past. The oldest references go back to the Hindu Shamans and other ancient texts all mention healing procedures that have striking similarities to hypnotic induction. In the 18th century Dr Frantz Anton Mesmer, an Austrian physician, became interested in this “ancient healing technique”. He was a charismatic and at times controversial personality. He discovered that in “applying magnets to a diseased body he could cure that disease miraculously”.
Eye opening in response to pain. (Patient responds to pressure on the patient’s fingernail bed; if this does not elicit a response, supraorbital and sternal pressure or rub may be used.) 3. Eye opening to speech. (Not to be confused with an awaking of a sleeping person; such patients receive a score of 4, not 3.)
Discuss the nature of sleep (24 marks) Numerous things happen in your body while you sleep, we have many stages in which our body goes through in a 90 minute cycle. We have non-REM stages of sleep and REM stages of sleep. REM stands for rapid eye movement. You go through three phases before reaching REM sleep. Stage 1: Your eyes are closed, but it's easy to wake you up and this will last for 5 to 10 minutes.
The action has been effective for some individuals during counselling also enhancing well being by alleviating symptoms and restoring health to the body. Whilst under hypnosis the therapist talks to the individual’s subconscious mind and they receive new messages that can bring about changes in behaviours. This is not brain washing or mind control, although this has been suggested by sceptics when debating the subject in the past. People who decide to change certain behaviours about themselves may select this method of therapy as the answer to succeed when dealing with personal issues such as weight loss, smoking, treating phobias, stress reduction, natural childbirth
Relaxation is a part of hypnosis, getting into a state of hypnosis. When we relax, we naturally enter into a type of trance state, we feel calm in our minds and our bodies. Hypnosis and relaxation are very similar. Like meditation the mind becomes focused, we start to let go of other thoughts with a passive acceptance of relaxation or making positive changes. Hypnosis involves guided concentration, regular practise of relaxation response does seem to block the ability of stress hormones to influence the brain and the body.