The Muslims had established their rule which the Christians saw as a direct threat to their religious interests and ideology. Therefore, the Europeans believed that by invading Jerusalem they would accomplish their religious goals which was to put back Jerusalem under their control. The Crusades had negative effects on the Muslims because they were depicted as savages and heathens, and this also made them become more angry and fierce towards Europeans and non Muslims. It would have been difficult for them to convert other people if they viewed them as savages and heathens. Usmah Ibn Munqidh (1175) noted “he cannot but glorify Allah and sanctify him, for he sees them as animals possessing the virtues of courage and fighting, but nothing else; just as animals have only the virtues of strength and carrying loads.” Muslim rule was very prosperous in Spain and the Middle East, but the Roman Catholic Church could not accept the fact that Jerusalem was being ruled by non Christians.The Muslims had the suspicion that Europeans wanted to colonize their territories and to take away their possessions and resources.
I believe Texas is still the lowest because it used to be one the most restrictive states in the US in voting laws and I feel that many people in Texas have not accustomed fully to the new regulations that allow every citizen to vote and also considering it is one of the biggest states in the US. Another reason voter turnout is so low in Texas is because of socioeconomic factors. Factors include poverty and education. Texas has the highest poverty in the US and there is a trend that shows that people in poverty are less likely to vote. People with low income also tend to have lesser education because they have fewer opportunities and many students drop out of school because they need to go into the workforce to support their family.
Religion is already something that gives people rules, regulations and restrictions to live by; however, divorce is a thing which can determine who you spend the rest of your life with and is so important that everyone should have the choice to make that decision. Many religions allow divorce but even then have loop holes or certain ways of going about getting a divorce. Christianity, in general has a negative outlook on divorce, however Christian denominations vary in their tolerance of it. The Catechism of the Catholic Church strictly forbids divorce, in many cases divorcing your partner and marrying someone else is regarded as committing adultery. This opinion is often held because of the fact that you have consummated your marriage with your partner; hence you must stay with them for the rest of your life.
This belief is not shared by most Americans, but is shared by many Iranians as away of life and last resort mean. Not a way to oppress womes. Though Americans may not agree with it they must learn to respect or at least try to understand the culture of the Iranian people. Some Iranian people believe that the government of America is trying to destroy their religion. What these Iranian have to understand is that their media is corrupting information, because America’s government tries its best to respect the religion of other people; after all it was found based on the idea.
For example black Americans found it extremely hard to get jobs only 5% of black American’s had “well paid” jobs compared to the 30% of whites. Of course as mentioned they were segregated immensely from the whites and where hardly events where both races would mix together. There were also many other laws for example if a white person were to get on a bus a black person should give a up their seat in order for the white person to sit down, it was then expected for that black person to go stand at the back. And it wasn’t till 1955 where a black woman (Rosa parks) refused to do this. Also because of the discrimination they lived in awful conditions with dusty floors no glass windows and generally underprivileged.
The Sultan, the pashas, Hoja, and the janissaries all wanted a Muslim world with good relations with other religions minus the Christians. It was the misunderstanding of Muslims by Christians and Christians by Muslims that fueled the fire in this conflict. With the Muslims caught up with religion and not making technological advances a priority they fell to the overpowering European empires which they try to destroy. It was these misunderstandings and oppressions that brought the Ottomans to a halt but the relation that only the Hoja and the young scholar made and finally understood at the end is what draws us in to know that at least these two could co-exist without religion getting in the
Question 1: Anne Hutchinson was a threat to Puritan society in a combination of ways that other dissenters were not, which is the reason she was banished. The Puritan society in Massachusetts was established not so that people can exercise freedom of religion, but only so the Puritans can freely exercise their religion. These were a very intolerant people of any one else’s religious belief; and, their leaders did everything possible to keep other religions from prospering. Their main belief was that the entire community had to follow God’s laws as interpreted by their leaders and if they did then God would reward them. However, if the entire community did not follow God’s laws then the entire community would be punished.
The Puritans wanted to remove all practice and rituals of Catholicism from Europe. John Winthrop and fellow Puritans were frustrated with religious activities in England, “All other Churches of Europe are brought to desolation and or sinnes”. He believed that the Church was corrupted and that the lord “Frowned upon us, doe threatens us fearfully”. Winthrop believed that England was invaded by evil and ran by a corrupted Government, and that the roots for religious learning were being disturbed. They feared to live in such sinful society, because they believed that God predestined people to salvation and others were damned for the rest of time.
He had many more points that just charity and consistency, and they were all very important, but I thought these two were the most interesting and most controversial within today’s society. Emerson’s view on anti-religion is also a strong subject that is viewed down upon by most people. Emerson felt the Christian religion dampened the spirit rather than bringing it up. Although Emerson was against religion in some ways, he still mentions God and a “higher power” throughout his essay, so it shows that he does believe in some form of higher power. Hitchens is very anti-religious and is a well-known atheist.
Many people believe that racial profiling should be prohibited because it is offensive to American values. Malkin disputes this and insists that, “…the ethnic activists and civil-liberties groups who object most strenuously to the use of racial, ethnic, religious, and nationality classifications during war support the use of similar classifications to ensure ‘diversity’ or ‘parity’ in peacetime.” (493). However, Iftikhar strongly disagrees and believes that, “the most disturbing legal trend in America has been the growing disparity in how American Muslims are treated under the law.” She explains how the reports of civil rights cases, a majority of which were Muslim hate crimes, have increased tremendously since the 9/11 attacks due to racial profiling. Many Muslims were accused of crimes they didn’t do and were treated awful. While Iftikhar understands that America is focused on keeping everyone happy and winning over people abroad, she strongly states in her piece that, “it is high time that the Bush administration try spreading a little American democracy here---while winning the hearts and minds of Americans by treating all people equally under the law.” (497).