Stem Cell Essay

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[pic] [pic] Name: Course: Stem cells came into lime light at once in November 1998 when isolation of human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESCs) was performed by ‘Dr. James A. Thomson’, University of Wisconsin, Madison, according to whom it was possible to treat even dreadful diseases via stem cells in future. (1) Because, various life threatening diseases occur due to the damage of tissues which are the structures that get involved in the organization of body via formation of organs. (7) Hence; if we could replace these damaged tissues from healthier one then it’s obvious that the diseased condition might be reverted. This appears possible via researches made on stem cell as; these cells are capable to produce any kind of cell for instance; skin cells, blood cells as well as nerve cells. Hence; it might be said that promise made by Dr. James was based on a solid back ground. (6) But, the problem gets started when use of embryo for the isolation was considered unethical and various NGOs and social workers opposed it via saying that it’s just killing of an individual in his embryonic stage who certainly wants to come into the world but can’t save his life. Due to such issues, embryonic research was ban by Congress. (2) In 1995, Congress ensured that researches related to embryonic cells could not get any kind of fund via NIH (National Institute of Health). The same rule remained up to 2001 in case of human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESCs). The text of the ban [authored by then-Rep. Jay Dickey (R-AR) and then-Rep. Roger Wicker (R-MS) in 1995] which was included in NIH's financial year 1996 appropriations bill (H.R. 3010, Sec. 128) may be represented as below: (8) None of the funds made available in this Act may be used for: (1) The creation of a human embryo or embryos for research purposes; or (2) Research in which a human embryo or embryos are destroyed, discarded, or

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