Statistics Essay

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Mediterranean Diet Mediterranean food is made up of rich and healthy foods such as olives, avocadoes, and fish. Experts from WebMD.com suggests that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, beans, and seeds provides thousands of micronutrients, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can help protect against cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease, among other conditions (Zelman, 2008) A Mediterranean diet is high in monounsaturated fats and fibers that help reduce the risk of obesity and diabetes. With all of the great benefits from the Mediterranean diet, there is much wonder as to why the American Heart Association has not adopted the Mediterranean diet in addition to its current prudent diet. * Purpose of the study A research from Onlinestatbook.com conducted the following research which included 605 survivors of a heart attack, that were randomly assigned to follow a four-year planned diet; patients in the experimental condition were initially seen by the dietician, two months later, and then once a year. Compliance with the dietary intervention was checked by a dietary survey and analyses of plasma fatty acids. Patients in the control group were expected to follow the dietary advice given by their physician. The researchers collected information on number of deaths from cardiovascular causes e.g., heart attack, strokes, as well as number of nonfatal heart-related episodes. The occurrence of malignant and nonmalignant tumors was also carefully monitored (De Lorgeril, 1998). What statistical tests were used? An independent-samples t-test was conducted to compare a diet close to the "prudent diet step 1" of the American Heart Association (control group) or (2) a Mediterranean-type diet consisting of more bread and cereals, more fresh fruit and vegetables, more grains, more fish, fewer delicatessen food and less meat (De

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