The Soviet Union dominated much of the early aspects of the space race. However, the United Stated used a methodical building approach that was achieved due to the earlier stages of the space race, Project Gemini and Mercury achievements, and the manned mission to the moon. The Space Race was a milestone in human history, its beginning will always be remembered as a race between two battling super powers of the time. Astronaut Neil Armstrong fulfilled as dream as old as humanity as he took the first human steps onto a planetary body, “That's one small step for man. One giant leap for mankind."
In order to fight the Cold War, President Harry S Truman oversaw a revolution in American foreign policy. Characterized by policies and institutions such as the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, NATO, and the Berlin airlift, the strategy of containment redefined liberal internationalism and involved the United States in the world as never before. Despite such programs, however, the Communists made gains in atomic weapons, propaganda, Europe, and China in the late 1940s. In 1950, NSC 68 — primarily and theoretically — and Korea secondarily and practically — confirmed for Truman what he already believed: In the end, the Cold War would be won or lost on moral grounds. But he could not turn to the United Nations for moral authority, since
The United was easily the most powerful nation in the world because of its war efforts, and defeating the Soviet Union. The United States also, created the chemical ingredient, Plutonium which was the main chemical element used in the nuclear weapon that mad them so explosive. So how can we prevent another cold war? I think in order to be peaceful; we could create a feign friendship between the two presidents of the United States and the Soviet Union. We should also, negotiate a peace treat, and become allies with the Soviet Union once
Within the readings of John Lewis Gaddis, and Daniel Deudney with John Ikenberry articles, I have come to a conclusion on how Ronald Reagan won the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. The United States at the beginning of Reagans administration was is one of the best times for America in turn most likely anyone could have improved the Freedom and the reasoning with the Cold War at the time. With the understanding of Daniels and johns work I still believe that john Gaddis work on how Reagan’s administration, through the efforts of the staff within the government was able to end and win the cold war against the Soviet Union. John Gaddis discusses how Ronal Reagan at the beginning of his administration denounced the public view on the U.S.S.R of how it was an “Evil Empire”. Thus looking into other ways to detour the Cold War between one another through one of the biggest surprise by Reagan and that was the start of one of the biggest ventures of his time, which was the start of a research and development
This began the history of the Space Race. In order to prove that they are Superior to Soviet Union, the United States worked to gain technology supremacy. To do so, the congress passed the National Defense Education Act, which heavily funded children who were seeking a higher education. However, Soviet Union kept launching successful space missions such as the Sputnik 2 mission and the launchings of the first man in space. The United States tried to out-do Soviet Union’s space missions by landing the very first man on the moon.
The Space Race between the United States of America and Soviet Union during the Cold War was not only a race between two “nuclear” countries, but much more a contest between two geniuses: Wernher von Braun and Sergey Korolyov. We have heard different opinions about the winner of this race, but thanks to the BBC’s documentary the big picture became a lot clearer for me, although there are still some questions for me- which one of two geniuses would be the winner of the race and how people suffered because of paying taxes that went directly to “nowhere” ? After World War II, it became obvious that the world will be divided in two: capitalistic and communistic countries. Both sides, especially communists, desperately needed to show the people in their countries that their society system is better than the other one. The first selection would have been war, but as both (U.S and Soviets) had nuclear weapons, the risk for a global disaster was too big.
The rise of McCarthyism, a period in which Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy accused many Americans of being communists, directly reflected these fears. In any other emotional atmosphere, McCarthy's accusations would be dismissed as ridiculous, as they were supported by little or no hard evidence. In the hysterical times, however, the "witch hunt" continued for several years. The success of McCarthyism echoed the hysteria that Communists had infiltrated the American government, and communists were a danger to America's superior way of life. The fear of communists was compounded by the arms race, in which the United States and the Soviet Union competed with each other to become the more technologically advanced nation and to process the
Even when he grew into his self-appointed role of Supreme Commander and learned from his earlier mistakes, it can be argued that his greatest victories, such as the battles at Kursk and Stalingrad, were less down to him, but rather down to the expertise of his generals, such as Zhukov. This, in addition to external factors that helped the Soviet win the war, such as British and American aid and Hitler's poor judgement, puts doubt into the overall significance of Stalin's role in winning the war. Although he was largely responsible for the successful propaganda and mobilisation drive on the domestic front, which helped to mobilise national support for the war, in context of the entire war period, his personal significance was overshadowed by his own initial ineptitude as well as the importance of these other factors. If we are to look at the importance of Stalin's role in winning the war, then his role in almost initially losing it must also be examined. It was clear from the outset that both Stalin and his appointed generals had a distinct lack of expertise in war.
Wolfe than continues his story by describing the dangerous job of being an astronaut in the early stages of the space race. The over all message of the novel that Wolfe successfully explains is why these men choose to pursue these hazardous, life threatening