They are afraid to die, therefore they have a force resulting in procreation, they will in another way continue to survive by their offspring. Nietzche believed that it was not only the will to survive, but to succeed (power) and that everyone has this power, even subconsciously. Everything strives for power. The overman (Ubermensch) is the superior man who justifies the existence of the human race. It is described to be the one who is willing to risk all for the sake of the enhancement of humanity.
Psychological Egoism as a moral theory describes self-centeredness. Psychological Egoism is a belief that human behavior or conduct comes under the influence of self-interest and not community. Psychological Egoism holds a strong ground that all humans get motivated to act or perform certain duties only in pursuit of their own advantage and not for others. Where Ethical Egoism is that we ought to be happy for others when at the same time making our self's or own being happy. For me I think it starts with morality in a person.
On the issue of admiration Machiavelli states that a prince ideally should be loved and feared, but it is more important that he be feared. It is more likely that his citizens would be loyal to him if they feared him. I believe that the true nature of man has not changed since Machiavelli’s time. I think that most modern governments still employ many of his general principals for ruling. Laws and punishment are necessary to prevent people from committing crimes.
Egoism is the ethical theory that people are largely consumed with their own self-interests, and all acts are pursued primarily out of self-interest and personal desires. Utilitarianism is the ethical theory where one pursues acts that are deemed to be reasonable and catering to the needs of most people, doing the action that results in the most good for the most people, discarding anything that isn’t useful to the collective. Virtue ethics (Aristotelianism) is the idea that people should ask what the best character traits are to possess, and what is the best sort of person to be? It is clear that Anton Churguh’s character embodies the principles of all of
Investigating Social Dynamics: Power, Conformity, and Obedience INTRODUCTION American Psychologist Philip Zimbardo is known for his Stanford prison study among many other works, one of the most notable being The Lucifer Effect: Understanding how good people turn evil. One of Zimbardo’s (2008) influences to write this book came from Stanley Milgram’s experiments that studied blind obedience to authority. In chapter twelve of this book, Zimbardo analyzes these experiments as well as other sociological and psychological studies to investigate the role social dynamics play in influencing power, conformity and obedience. With the previous chapters focusing specifically on the Stanford prison experiment, chapter twelve has significant importance as Zimbardo uses previous research to create theories to explain the results of his study and applies to them to the broader scale of humanity as a whole (Zimbardo 2008). His goal in this chapter is to prove that based on the research he outlines on social psychology; situational forces play a major role in determining human’s actions.
TED talks summary: After watching a TED talk, summarize it using the form below. Author: Philip Zimbardo Title: The Psychology of Evil 1. Give a brief summary of the talk with some examples and/or main points. Philip Zimbardo introduces the “Lucifer Effect”, which relates to the notion that if people are good, then what possess them to do bad things? In reference to this topic, Zimbardo discusses the Stanford Prison Experiment as well as the violent Abu Ghraib prison incident.
Revisiting the Stanford Prison Experiment: A Lesson in the Power of Situation In Philip Zimbardo’s article “Revisiting the Stanford Prison Experiment” he deals with change during a certain situations. In the article he goes into why he does the experiment and what inspired it. He does this experiment to prove that good people change when in authority. The exigence in the article is the power of anonymity that unleashes violent behavior. Zimbardo notes “In my own work, I wanted to explore the fictional notation from William Golding’s Lord of the Flies about the power of anonymity to unleash violent behavior” (302).
He not only voiced his opinion that it was not the specific soldiers personalities that caused these crimes but served on the defense team. Making his quote “Its not bad apples it’s a bad barrel” famous, he goes on to say that this theory applies in any prison like
Zimbardo-Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment was made because Zimbardo was interested in finding out whether the brutality reported among guards in American prisons was due to the sadistic personalities of the guards or had more to do with the prison environment. Since Zimbardo wanted the experiment to feel real, he had the students, who were assigned as prisoners, to be arrested at their own homes, without any warnings. They were first taken to a real jail where they were fingerprinted, photographed and “booked” before being blindfolded and taken to the “prison” where the experiment would take place. Each prisoner had their personal possessions removed and locked away; they were given prison clothes and were referred to by their number on their uniform. The Stanford Prison Experiment was a mock prison experiment where they had chosen 24 Male Students selected from the 75 who volunteered to join the experiment.
Hobbes is well known author of “Leviathan”, and Locke is the author of “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.” Both men address the characteristics of man, natural law, and the purpose and structure of government. These two theorists have very different opinions on the characteristics of man. Hobbes sees man as being evil, whereas Locke views man in a much more optimistic light. They both agree that all men are equal according to natural law, however their ideas on natural law differ greatly. Hobbes sees natural law as a state of war in which every man is an enemy to every man.