Stalin's Rise to Power Essay

1181 WordsDec 19, 20085 Pages
Two of the most important dictators of the 20th century were Hitler and Stalin. Their rise to power after the First World War resemble each other’s as the situation of German and USSR before the rise were very similar. Both countries were suffering immensely financially due to the war but this economical situation was amplified by the Treaties that they were both tied by. Although the ideologies contrast, the methods to obtain power of Stalin and Hitler are similar. Following the first World War, Germany was facing disastrous times. More than two million men were killed at war. Germany was financially destabilised and the Allied naval blockade and bad harvests only worsened the country’s situation. By 1918, the inflation had gone up by so much that the people suffered shortage of food and fuel. It became obvious to Ludendorff and Hindenburg that Germany had to surrender the First World War. The German population was initially unaware of Germany’s failures at war until the signing of the armistice in November 1918. Weimar Germany was doomed to fail from the start due to the ‘stab in the back’ myth. The right wing and the army leaders were prepared to blame the November Criminals, the revolutionary socialists and the Jews for their loss in the First World War. This sense of distraught was amplified by the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. The conditions of the treaty seemed atrocious, especially regarded the article 231, stating the war guilt clause, which meant that Germany was liable to pay war reparations. This Treaty seemed to spark Hitler’s political ambitions. Late 1919, he joined a racist anticommunist party, the DAP, Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, where he met an influential figure, Röhm the captain in the army’s district command. Although, Germany had found victory against

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