A relationship in which a child or young person completely trusts and respects you and feels comfortable in your company, allows you to be able to offer the child or young person a supportive, caring environment in which they can learn and develop. Listening to them is one of the most important ways in which to establish a respectful and professional relationship with a child or young person. By you listening, without interrupting them, shows them that you value what they are saying and that their opinions are important. You should show them that you are interested in what they have to say and should also take an interest in the child or young person themselves. Take an interest in their likes and dislikes, and ask them about their hobbies etc, to show you are interested.
(Peterson, 2010) Joel - Childhood 2-10 throughout this period, children become progressively independent from their parents as they learn to do things themselves and additional achievement self-control. Throughout this period, children's intellectual abilities develop, and they also start to grow an understanding of what is right and wrong. (Peterson, 2010) Connie - Infancy0-2 While the infant is reliant on mothers for most things, numerous psychological features are fast emerging. Throughout this period, the connection that develops between the infant and their mother is significant in relations of the infant's advanced sensitive development. (Peterson, 2010) b) Describe the current issues and changes you would expect to observe in each of the following human development areas: • Physical • Cognitive • Emotional and psychological • Social • Sexual 20 marks Alice Physical: The present problems for Alice would be the health consequences of her habitual smoking and drinking.
* Express emotion. * Give their views and opinions * Pass on Important Information. * Making sure their Needs & wishes are known. 4) Give two reasons why it is important to observe the reaction of a person using the service when you are communicating with them. It is important to observe the reactions of the individual so that you can be sure they are happy with what you've discussed and that they fully understand.
Encouraging people to be independent even if they choose riskier option. Giving them dignity and respect in all aspects of their life. When implementing all the above the carer has created productive environment and the professional relationship has changed into more equal partnership. 2. Explain why it is important to work in a way that embeds person centred values (1.1.2)
1.1 Evaluate the extent to which the outcomes for a range of individuals conform to contemporary person-centred values and aims using the principles of the active support model. Using the active support model as an approach to supporting means people will be supported in a person centred way through inclusion in everyday activity and by allowing choice and control which conforms to the contemporary person centred values as it allows people to demonstrate their competence or their autonomy in activity through participation on their own terms. By trying activities a person will develop and learn new skills in physical, mental and social contexts. They will be in control of the activities as the person supporting them will be aware of their communications and respect their choices. As people learn they will gain knowledge and experience and with this a person develops confidence in their own abilities and will develop a sense of self worth and wellbeing.
Unit 204 Outcome 4.1 Explain how the likelihood of abuse may be reduced by; * Working with person centred values A person centred approach is counting and treating everyone with respect. Allowing individuals to make their own choices and decisions, respecting their views will gain their self esteem and will help them recognise their own rights and values which will protect them from being abused. It can also help create relationships between staff and residents so they gain somebody to confide in. * Encouraging active participation This promotes inclusion, making an individual feel some self-worth. Will promote confidence and will also help gain friendships.
Maturity: As people grow and develop, maturation is different from either growth or development; this is used when development is assumed to be due to a genetically programmed sequence of change. For example, your experience of puberty can be explained as caused by an inbuilt genetic process which unfolds as you grow older. Puberty can be seen as maturation. Development: it is used to describe the changes that might be complex and involve a change in the character in some competency as well as that is measured in quantity (height or weight). Most social intellectual and emotional change across the lifespan are described as development.
The next need on Maslow's hierarchy of needs is love and belongingness. This need is satisfied through friendships and relationships. When a person has satisfied their need of love and belongingness, they move up to esteem needs. Esteem needs include confidence and self-esteem. The last need on Maslow's
Stages of Ego Development According to Loevinger’s Theory of Ego Development, it was developed based on the stages of cognitive development and how it influences the personality. Using an analogy of climbing stairs, each stair (or stage) must be mastered before moving on to the next, with each stage providing meaning with which one understands and makes sense of one’s world. There are three primary stages: impulse control, interpersonal mode, and conscious preoccupations. Generally speaking, as an individual moves from the lower level of impulsivity to the higher level of conscious preoccupations, one is less enslaved to impulsiveness and freer to act based on internal morals and codes (2009). With maturity, preoccupations are focused less on body image and more on internal feelings and goals.
Examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods and shelter. Belonging Needs These include needs for belonging, love and affection. Maslow considered these needs to be less basic than physiological and security needs. Relationships such as friendships, romantic attachments and families help fulfill this need for companionship and acceptance, we communicate to meet belonging needs by talking with others, listening and responding to what they say. Esteem Needs These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, which involve valuing and respecting ourselves, personal worth, social recognition and accomplishment.