Stages Of Development Essay

3418 WordsDec 2, 200914 Pages
Running head: LIFE STAGE ANALYSIS Life Stage Analysis Using Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development and Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development De’Nita G. Connor, MS Capella University Abstract Erikson organized human development into eight stages that extends over the course of the lifespan (Sigelman and Rider, 2006). All of the stages are defined by a major crisis, suggesting that an individual’s personality is influenced by the success with which each of these conflicts is resolved. According to Kohlberg, moral growth progresses through a universal and invariant three broad moral levels, each of which is composed of two distinguishable stages. Each stage grows out of the preceding stage and represents a more complex way of thinking about moral issues (Crandell, Crandell & Vander Zanden, 2009). While Erikson proposed a theory of normal psychosocial development that covers the entire life span, Lawrence Kohlberg was specifically more interested in the ways in which thinking about right and wrong change with age (Sigelman and Rider, 2006). Theory Overview Erickson’s Developmental Theory Erik Erikson did a great deal to explore the premise that the ego exists from birth and that behavior is not totally defensive. Erikson was aware of the massive influence of culture on behavior and placed more emphasis on the external world, such as depression and life conflict. He felt that development is determined by the interaction of the body, mind, and cultural influences (Sigelman and Rider, 2006). Erikson organized human development into eight stages that extends over the course of the lifespan. Each stage involves specific personal and social tasks that must be accomplished if development is to proceed in a healthy manner. All of the stages are defined by a major crisis or conflict, suggesting that an

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