Therefore, in a true experiment subjects are randomly assigned to the levels of the independent variable. The only differences in the groups would be due to chance. Giacomoni (December 2000) said true experimental designs compare people who have received an intervention ("treatment group") to an equivalent group who did not receive the intervention ("control group"). The treatment or control groups are randomly assigned to subjects; so therefore, random assignment is the hallmark of the true experimental designs. The randomized trial in many circles is the “gold standard” of quantitative research, reflecting its degree of methodological rigor.
Personality Theory: Neurosis Brittany Nelson HHS 310 Instructor Smith There are many different theories involving personality among people in our society. These different personalities can occur through different people because not everybody is the same. In my case, I chose the Neurotic theory because this theory relates to my personality for the most part. Neurotic theories have been brought from the theorist Karen Horney. Karen Horney had come up with the best theory for Neurosis and it relates to me because I can agree with the needs that it calls for an individual.
You have to see it in relation to other things. My personality and motivation profile were created by analyzing two questionnaires, which I filled out previously. In this report I will compare my personal properties with various dimensions and on this basis I will see how my personality will affect teamwork (the strengths as well as weaknesses) My personality profile shows my score of the five key characteristics. On extraversion I scored very high, on openness I scored quite low, and on the other three characteristics - negative emotionality, agreeableness and conscientiousness - I scored average. (See appendix A for the results.)
The five factors are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. These factors are used to describe human personality. It is also a basis of many psychological studies in selecting personnel and choosing a study (Neubert, 2004). Finally, the outcomes of my research, combined with the current literature in the field, will show what contributions I can bring to a team. The first trait concerns negative emotionality, or neuroticism.
The fourth hypothesis claims competence will have a greater effect on ratings of hireability, desirability, and utility for female-typed jobs than male-type jobs (hypothesis 4). In female-type jobs, competence would hold a greater significance for attractive candidates, and in male-type jobs competence would not make a difference for attractive candidates (hypothesis 5). This study used a correlational experiment design. While the relationships between the variables can be implied, they do not prove causality. There were several independent variables used: gender (male/female), attractiveness (high/moderate), competence (high/moderate, given as being based on DAT5 test scores), job sex-type (male/female), and the hierarchical status of the position (managerial/non-managerial).
Eysenck (1991) conducted the PEN model when he felt there was an overlap in the original five factors and the three factor model was more appropriate and accurate. This can also be shorted to a two factor model E-IN (extroversion-introversion, neuroticism). When the Eysenk Personality Questionnaire was assessed using gender specific data from 34 countries it was found that Eysenck’s factors are strongly replicable across the 34 countries therefore would be a reliable measure to use. Buchanan et al (2008) used a five factor
Running Head: PSYCHOANALYTICAL PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT Psychoanalytical Personality Assessment Upon the completion of the Jungian assessment test, I have discovered that my Jungian type is ISTJ. ISTJ is the acronym used in the Myers-Briggs publication and stands for Introversion, Sensing, Thinking, and Judgment. My Jungian assessment test results presented a 44% average liking of Introversion over Extraversion, a 25% average liking of Sensing over Intuition, a 1% marginal or no liking of Thinking over Feeling, and a 44% average liking of Judging over Perceiving. Introversion Introverts are motivated and stimulated when they are occupied with the thoughts, recollections, reactions, and images which are an element of their internal world. Introverts normally prefer spending time or reserved activities with one or two people with whom they sense a likeness and they often generate a laid-back effect on those around them.
The theory of multiple intelligences is an intriguing subject that many people argue over if it’s a clear concept or a term of value. The idea of being intelligent is tests on paper showing just a few of our intelligences. I believe that many of us, humans, are completely intelligent in a value term, maybe not the best in some intelligences, but still wholly intelligent. I recently read an essay written by Howard Gardner called, “The theory of multiple intelligences.” In this article, Gardner introduces the “7 intelligences” and his opinion of how we all, as humans, have intelligent skills. James Traub seems to agree with Gardner in his essay, “Multiple Intelligence Disorder.” After much thought, I find that Gardener has a very “Darwinian” view point on the theory of multiple intelligences, and in this essay I will show that I agree with Gardner, and that Traub further assists him in the theory of multiple intelligences.
Three Personality Characteristics Many personality tests examine an individual’s personality traits. Three such tests I have taken are the “Big Five” Personality traits or the Five Factor Model (FFM), the Jung and Briggs-Meyers typology test, and the Career Occupational Preference System (COPS), which tests a person’s personality strengths for a more satisfying career path. The “Big Five” test states my strongest traits are neuroticism-96%, agreeableness-87%, and conscientiousness-17%. First look at these results one may think that I am an emotionally challenged good-natured slob. A closer examination of the test shows that I have become twice the extrovert than 25 years ago.
Evaluate the usefulness of the psychometric approach for understanding intelligence (24 Marks) The psychometric approach is one of the most common approaches for understanding personality and human intelligence (Sternberg, 2000; Engler, 2009). Psychometric tests of intelligence can be seen as derived from theories, such as, Spearman’s theory of the general factor or Thurston’s theory of bonds, for example (Eysenck, 1994). The psychometric approach is useful for understanding personality and human intelligence, as it has enabled researchers objectively measure intelligence and personality in order to develop a reliable understanding of these phenomena (Hayes, 2000; Hothersall, 2004; Engler, 2009). However, the extent to which the psychometric approach for understanding personality and human intelligence is useful comes into question due to methodological problems of psychometric tests and the past misuses of psychometric testing (Gould, 1996; Hayes, 2000; Sternberg, 2000; Joseph, 2003; Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2005; Engler, 2009). This paper will evaluate the usefulness of the psychometric approach for understanding personality and human intelligence.