Sport Essay

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Sport Revision Principles of Training Specificity: Where any training undertaken should be relevant and appropriate for the sport which someone is training for. Progressive overload: The increase in exercise to make it more demanding once the body has adapted to the exercise being done before. Frequency: Number of times you would train Intensity: Intensity in fitness means the level of difficulty of the exercise. Duration: The amount of time you perform a skill for Designing a Training session A triaining session should include: Warmup Stretching Skill development Main condtioiting session Recovery/cool down Training Periodisation Phases of training Peaking and tapering Overtraining Aids to recovery Recovery Active recovery Cool down Stretching Hydration and diet Glycogen replenishment Food Fuels for Energy Carbohydrates: Fat: Protein: Storage Of Food Fuel In The Body | Food Fuel | Stored As | Sites | Proportion contained | Carbohydrate | Glycogen | Muscles, liver and around the body | 55 – 60 | Carbohydrate | Fat | Excess stored as adipose tissue around the bodyGlucose occurs in the blood stream but this is rarely used for muscular contractions. It supplies the brain and energy requirements of the nervous system. | | Fat | Fatty acids are broken down to triglycerides | Adipose tissueMuscles around the body | 25 – 30 | Protein | Amino Acids | Muscles around the body | 10 – 15 | Glycaemic Index: Rating of CHO effect on blood glucose Quick breakdown with immediate effect on blood glucose levels are labelled as high GI Slow breakdown are labelled Low GI Common Glycaemic index foods | High Gi | Moderate GI | Low Gi | Glucose | Corn | Apples | Carrots | Peas | Yoghurt | Honey | Pasta | Peanuts | Preparing For Competition Short duration sports: Little need to increase carbohydrate intake Moderate intensity sports: Tapering and increased

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