Speech Essay

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Throughout the speech, Keating addresses the importance of duty and patriotism, by appealing to the Australian psyche of mateship. The contrasts “it was a lesson about normal people – and the lesson was that they were not ordinary” discusses the normality of the people, yet highlights their importance. But focusing the audience’s attention on the values of mateship, “show courage…believe in ourselves, to stick together”, it taps into the audience’s psyche of mateship and effectively masks the brutality of war. He highlights the priority of mateship being “the heart of the Anzac Story”, and such democratic, emotive ideals as “courage and ingenuity in adversity”, “free and independent spirits” serves to further root our sense of patriotism and commemoration. Within this mix, Keating uses inclusive language, and the anaphora of “we” and “or”, together with the continuing references to mateship and the importance of the common man compels, compounds, focuses and strengthens our sense of duty and patriotism to this country, and its connection to the democratic ideals for the common man in which the people of this country so strongly believes in. “We have gained a legend…a deeper understanding of what it means to be Australian”. Keating’s inclusive language, his compounding rhetoric yet his formal, sombre and reflective tone was instrumental in honing the ideals of mateship, the common person, patriotism and democracy towards the audience. It was through the Unknown Solider that it heightens the audience’s awareness that thousands of Australians went to war to die for “his country and his King.” Levertov Moving decades further, onto 1972, the concern of free speech is still oppressed, as seen by the speech “Statement for a Television Program” by Denise Levertov. The speech was to be delivered by the poet, who had values and beliefs of supporting the oppressed

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