Special Senses Essay

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Aged Related Macular Degeneration - “AMD is a common eye condition and a leading cause of vision loss among people age 50 and older. It causes damage to the macula, a small spot near the center of the retina and the part of the eye needed for sharp, central vision, which lets us see objects that are straight ahead.” (Eye Institute, 2013) There are two types of AMD, wet and dry. AMD can progress slowly not letting people realize that they have lost vision. AMD itself cannot lead to complete blindness because it only affects central vision, but it can interfere with everyday activities such as driving, reading, writing, cooking, watching TV, and being able to see other people’s faces. Glaucoma – “Glaucoma is not just one eye disease, but a group of eye conditions resulting in optic nerve damage, which may cause loss of vision. Abnormally high pressure inside your eye (intraocular pressure) usually, but not always, causes this damage.” (Mayo Clinic, 2012) Glaucoma is one of the biggest leading causes of blindness in the United States. Glaucoma doesn’t show any symptoms other that gradual vision loss. Glaucoma affects the peripheral vision slowly, not making people realize until is usually in the late stages. The loss of vision in glaucoma is permanent. This type of disease is hereditary, but it could also be caused by trauma to the eye or by uncontrolled diabetes. Also, long-term of steroid usage can cause glaucoma. Glaucoma can affect everyday life by making it difficult to see things around you, many people with this type of disease bump into things because they cannot see it around them. It can make it difficult to drive, read, write, cook, and many everyday activities if the stage of glaucoma is too advanced. Cataracts - “A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye. For people who have cataracts, seeing through cloudy lenses is a bit like

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