The ethical guidelines which are in place for today’s practice were not part of the research method of the past. Nowadays we have specific guidelines set out which cover such aspects as informed consent, deception, protection of participants from harm, right to withdraw, debriefing, confidentiality, observational research and giving advice. There are strict ethical guidelines to do with these issues to protect people regardless of age. As the study of children became more prominent theorists emerged, the most influential being; Jean Piaget (1896-1980), who constructed a system which marked clearly defined cognitive growth stages. This led to many studies on the social world of the child.
UNIT 3 E1 5 pieces of current legislation: • Human Rights Act 2000 • Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 • Children Act 2004 • Equality Act 2006 • Protection of Children Act 1999 E2 The Human Rights Act 2000 was not originally designed for children yet the Act does specify their human rights which would influence practice. Some rights include children have is the right to dignity, respect and fairness. With those rights corporal punishment like caning are banned due to it violating human rights. Special Educational Needs and disability Act 2001 strengthens the right of access to mainstream school for parents, this reinforced the idea of inclusiveness and ensures that all children are included regardless of race or disability. Children Act 2004 is a wide ranging act covering many areas such as parental responsibility and child protection.
Unit 3 E1 and E2 Human Rights Act (2000) 'It requires courts and tribunals to make judgements using certain articles of the European Convention on Human Rights as a starting point. The Act was not designed specifically to protect children but they are accorded the same rights as adults. This means they have the right to dignity, respect and fairness in the same way they are treated. Thus a setting is not able to use corporal punishment (smacking or caning) even if a parent consents to it, because it is seen as degrading and a violation of a child's rights. The Human RIghts Act means that parents of children are also protected.'
It is not ignorable the fact of discrimination and unsettlement of people around others with disability and lack of education about various disabilities and additional needs is concerning. Policies and procedures clearly outline what education providers should aim towards when creating an inclusive ethos of a school. Laws and regulations assist in translating policies and procedures to practice The Disability Discrimination Act (1992) Part 1.3 objectifies the elimination, ‘as far as possible’ the discrimination against persons with disabilities ranging from areas of work to
In 1870 it became compulsory for all children to receive an education which provides children with equal opportunities. The introduction of these laws has ultimately created a child centred society. However the conflict sociologists argue that the march of progress view has failed to recognise the massive inequalities that still exist in childhood. They say that many children today remain unprotected and badly cared for. There are also various factors such as social class and gender that affect the treatment and experiences of children.
For example, everyone in the U.S. is given the oppurtunity to an education even if the family had financial problems. However, in Washington’s times, not all people were given the opportunity to an education. Many African-Americans were not allowed to have an education, only the caucasian. Apart from the U.S, this message should be referred to by anyone. This message should especially be thought about from the countries that don’t give opportunities to everyone based on the race or sex of that person.
Source 16 supports the statement by saying ‘In 1870, the Government made elementary education up to the age of 13 compulsory for all children.’ This shows that by opening education to all children aged 13 and below, they had approached the problem of uneducated children especially boys from falling into lower classes. Source 17 also agrees, ‘Before 1870, education was not compulsory and it was not free.’ The government had then opened a branch for the lower classes to become educated and somehow improve their quality of life. By opening up school board and creating new schools, it meant that fees were eventually to be taken off, when after the 1902 education act, schools that were receiving state funding had to offer 25% of all places without fees. Gladstone the prime minister at the time believed in equality of opportunity, so over the coming years, showed open support about children receiving open education for all ages. He openly says about passing the political power to an uneducated nation and improving people’s quality of life, therefore showing support.
For example in my setting we must adhere to EYFS, children act, equality act etc United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) - this act is across every country apart from Somalia and the USA. Article 2 is about discrimination, this relates to my care setting because we don't treat any child differently because of their gender, ethnicity, religion, where they live, what they say, their beliefs etc Social and Economic Influences *child benefit is a payment for your child whilst they are in education up to the age of 16 although there are some circumstances that will allow payment up to 20 years
Staff meetings and feedback also enable action on inclusive practices. All staff have had attitudinal training around disability and other equality issues and continue to take part in training about inclusion. 3b There are 3 types of barriers to children ● physical ● organisational ● attitudes within the school community Physical barriers Physical barriers are where there is a lack of access, equipment and resources. If there isn’t adequate equipment or resources the children will not be able to fulfill any tasks or activities that are set for them. The lack of access can include no wheelchair access, ramps or lifts in place for both children and staff in a wheelchair.
In the past, the programs failed to provide English-language learners (ELL) the knowledge to overcome the language barrier impeding equal participation in classrooms, prompting the establishment of Proposition 227 of 1998 (later repealed in 2016), which required all public schools to be instructed in English. Although there are statistics that show the academic gap within first graders, the assumption that students can become as fluent as native speakers in English after just one year of English-only Immersion classes in the first place is far-reaching. After all, any skilled professional does not succeed because of a natural talent but rather hard work and long-term