Pericles was a very strategic leader and they decided to start another war by going to the source, Sparta. xx. Spartans won the war simple because of the bad Athenian decisions. The Athenians thought too high about themselves, so they thought that they could just go far and conquer. The Spartans were really close to them on the other hand, this led to them having an open shot to Athens with little in their way.
Though all of these differences contributed to the idealogical barrier between both Athens and Sparta, none were more dividing than the Social practices that ruled their everyday society, as well as the ideologies of their people. Through Sparta’s need for conquest, their entire society became focused around war. From a child’s very birth, they were stripped of identity, and thought of as nothing more than another soldier for the Phalanx. When a child was born, its father would bring it to a group of elders of the tribe
ESSAY- Account for the victory of the Greeks from 480 to 479 The Greek victory in the Persian Wars from 480-479BC can be directed towards many reasons. In contrast to the Persian forces, factors such as unity, leadership, knowledge of the land, tactics and communication exemplify how the Athenians were superior in fighting, which consolidated their victory in the battles from 480 to 479BC. Unity Scholar Mullins beliefs that the Greek unity achieved was a factor in her victory over Persia. The congress of Corinth in 481BC was a vital step towards the promotion of Greek strength. Herodotus accounts of the Corinth assembly speak of Themistocles pursuit of unity.
Through this we can represent Source 2.7, a statue on behalf of Leonidas, a renowned King of Sparta who lead the three hundred men. By looking at this source, it is evidently shown that a Spartan King was highly respected and perceived as true Spartan warriors. We can clearly say this through the statue being represented as not only the king but as many soldiers due to it not having a facial details or expressions. Therefore, the military role of a King was the main slot that had to be
One of the decrees’ provisions stated that surplus from minting was to be subjected into a fund, which was most likely used in an era of economical strain, and anyone who objected this would be imperiled to the death penalty. It’s through this coinage system, one of the first of its era for Greece, that Athens was able to effectively maintain its control over their allies and dominate from an economical point of view. Furthermore, Athens geographically coastal location was easily accessible for the construction of the way station, this was able to better Athens in terms of trade throughout the Aegean, therefore enabling the Athenians to successfully and effectively maintain control over its allies. It also presented the Athenians the opportunity to trade a certain type of marble extracted from Penteli which was renowned in the Greek world for its high quality, as well as silver coins, which, in places that didn’t have the need for coins, was melted back to its clump state and used for trading. Through this convenient location, Athens was further given another way to assert it’s effectiveness in controlling the other city-states or allies, as having such a readily available Athenian port was crucial in the trading between other civilizations, including that of Egypt, Syria and Palestine (as well as the rest of the Persian Empire) through naval transportations.
A Spartan's life was centered on the state, because they lived and died to serve the state. Although the competing city-states of Sparta and Athens were individually different as well as governmentally diverse, they both managed to become dominating powers in Ancient Greece. The political power of Athens is based on economic power. Democracy is based on middle class economic power. In slow evolution towards democracy, as their trade increased, Athenian craftsmen and merchants had enough money to purchase their own weapons.
Sparta claimed the victory, and the city-states continued their bickering and fighting. Phillip 2 of Macedonia, fully aware of the disunity among the Greeks, took advantage of the constant quarrels and prepared a full scale invasion of
The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire. The role of the delian league was to protect those Greek states which had already revolted from Persia and to liberate those still under Persian rule. The league was very active in overthrowing Persian power and consolidating the role of Athens as hegemon’s in the Greek world. It was clear that the alliance was unequal from the beginning because, the leadership was Athenian, they had the largest fleet and they were also superior in resources. This was a result from their successes in the Persian wars, in particular the battle of Salamis.
However the Spartan men would start their training at the age of seven and they were thought to be tough and self sufficient. The life in Sparta wasn't simple but others envied them for their straight forwardness and fanatical dedication. The law in Sparta that prohibited all foreign trade and foreign travelling kept ideas from coming in and they had surprises when it came to attacks. Spartan women had the freedom of rights except they could not vote. They were not forced to do the things Athenian women did.
It is through all of these contributions made by Themistocles that guaranteed the Greek victory at Salamis. In conclusion, Themistocles' contributions made through his intelligence, leadersip at Salmis and his pre-war efforts in establishing a superior Athenian naval fleet greatly influenced the course of the second Persian wars and made him a key factor in both the Greek victory in the Persian wars and the Persian