What was an encomienda? An encomienda was a grant from the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area. What Spanish term is the name given to leaders of Spanish conquests? Conquistadors. By the mid-sixteenth century, what areas of the globe did Spain control?
Seven Years War – - The final stage of a century long battle fought between the British and the French. The British ended up winning the war and as a result France’s political power in North America was, for the most part, over. It meant the end of New France. Acadia - a colony in the eastern part of Canada that included Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick. Jesuit - - a group of French Catholic missionaries that came to North America and wanted to convert the Aboriginals to their religion.
The French were not as ruthless. The Spanish first landed in the Caribbean in 1492. After Columbus arrived back in Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella sent him back out to conquer this New World. This lead to the Reconquista efforts in both Spain and in the New World. Many Muslims were coming into the mainland of Spain and Ferdinand
Extended holdings all the way down to modern day Alaska, Oregon, N. California g. Russia’s interests in Europe i. Divided Poland between Austria and Prussia 1. Poland’s parliament kept crippling gov’t flexibility ii. Set precedent of involvement in W. Europe 1. Eventually, Russia would stop Napoleon h. Success by 1800 – summary – here’s what they accomplished i.
THE SPANISH IMPACT ON THE INDIANS Father Luis Jayme was the author of the primary source, The Spanish Impact on the Indians. Melchior Jayme was born in the farming village of San Juan, Majorca, Spain on October 18, 1740. In 1771 he picked his religious name, “Luis” when he was received into the San Franciscan order. That same year Father Luis Jayme became pastor of the Mission San Diego. In August of 1774 Father Luis Jayme played a very big part in moving the Mission inland from the Presidio to the present site.
Once independence was achieved, “newly formed governments began inviting immigrants to bring their skills and knowledge to Latin America…to come to their lands largely as a weapon against conservatives” as the marginalized populace began to gain a voice (183). In 1992, the end of the twentieth century and also the exact 500 year anniversary of the discovery of the western hemisphere, the Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano [CELAM], the Latin American Bishops’ Council, held a conference to reshape the presence of Christianity by
The conquest of Mexico led by Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes marked the commencement of Spanish presence in the Americas. Vastly contrasting religious beliefs and practices played an important part in influencing the lead up to the capture of Mexico and the eventual downfall of the great Aztec empire. Led by conquistador Hernando Cortes, the Spanish used Christianity as a front to justify their military presence. The consequence of Nahua beliefs was larger, said to be directly responsible for the submissive Aztec response to Spanish presence. Hernando Cortez and his men successfully used Christianity as a platform for their political and personal ambitions.
Early Encounters Between Europeans and North American Aboriginal Societies: Revealing Christianity To The Americas Early Encounters Between Europeans and North American Aboriginal Societies: Revealing Christianity To The Americas In the time of the discovery of the Americas, culture and religion had been playing a massive role in fuelling massive movements that would shape the world as we know it to the present day. This essay will prove that the European colonial powers used culture and religion as a means in which to justify large scale imperial expansion and to exploit the native populations. With the discovery of the Americas across the Atlantic ocean, and the subsequent discovery of the Indigenous peoples that inhabited
Spain's claim to these lands was solidified by the Inter Caetera papal bull of 1493, and by the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, in which the globe was divided into two hemispheres between Spanish and Portuguese claims. These actions gave Spain exclusive rights to establish colonies in all of the New World from Alaska to Cape Horn, except Brazil, as well as the easternmost parts of Asia. French and British colonization began in the 16th century. Spanish conquistadors made their way through Central and South America claiming territory for Spain. In these newly acquired territories, the use of encomiendas was practiced.