Spanish Essay

1219 WordsNov 15, 20115 Pages
Verbs Followed by Spanish Infinitives There are many, many verbs in Spanish that are followed by a preposition (usually a, de, or en) and an infinitive. Some of these include: enseñar a to teach (something) ir a
pensar en
tener que
tratar de to go to
to think about
to have to
to try to The Spanish infinitive is used quite frequently after conjugated verbs, and sometimes in a way that has no direct equivalent in English. Although the Spanish infinitive is sometimes translated as an infinitive in English, it isn't always, as the following examples show: • Quiero salir. (I want to leave.) • Èl evita estudiar. (He avoids studying.) • Necesito comprar dos huevos. (I need to buy two eggs.) • El que teme pensar es esclavo de la superstición. (The one who fears thinking is a slave to superstition.) • Intentó ganar el control. (He tried to gain control.) Note that in the above examples, both verbs (the conjugated verb and the infinitive that follows) refer to action by the same subject. This is usually the case when infinitives follow other verbs; the main exceptions are detailed in our lesson on using infinitives with a change of subject. Thus a sentence such as "Dice ser católica" ("She says she herself is Catholic") doesn't have the same ambiguity that a sentence such as "Dice que es católica" would have (it could mean that the Catholic person is someone other than the subject of the sentence). As discussed in our lesson on infinitives as nouns, the infinitive has characteristics of both a verb and a noun. Thus, when an infinitive is used after a verb, some grammarians view the infinitive as an object of the conjugated verb, while others see it as a dependent verb. It doesn't matter much how you classify it — just note that in either case both the conjugated verb and the infinitive normally refer to action taken by the same subject. If another person is

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