According to the Articles, Congress did not have the power to regulate commerce, which caused competition between states. Each state was given the right to produce its’ own paper money and trade regulations, which resulted in endless disputes because a tariff, a tax on imports, would not be settled with the legal tender of a different state. Due to a weak federal government, Congress could not do anything because the Articles lacked the power to tax, legislate, or intervene without the approval of the thirteen states. In Doc B, it is visible that although the population was increasing, the market value of US exports to Great Britain was decreasing in the period of the Articles. During the time period of the Articles, Congress was unable to maintain a stable relationship with Britain, which led to an unstable economy.
The weak central government prescribed by the Articles of Confederation was unable to effectively do anything to help unify the states as a nation. The new country was in a period of severe economic depression, and because there was no standing national army, they were threatened by foreign powers. Even if the Articles were given time, they would not have worked. The nation would have either crumbled from within or succumb to a foreign
The Articles of Confederation – DBQ The Articles of Confederation failed to provide proper leadership and government to the United States economically, politically, and socially. The Confederation’s lack of control over their states led to disarray and confusion among trade and taxes. There was also an issue convincing state officials to participate in the government as well as settling disputes between the states and even other countries. The Articles of Confederation had problems getting a hold on their economic situation. The nation was quite poor from the Revolution and had loans from the French that it was unable to pay back.
Although the Articles of Confederation had a few minor accomplishments, they failed as a whole to successfully govern the United States. The Articles were doomed from the beginning, as they were never given the necessary powers to run a country, leading to enormous debt and disarray. They also hurt the United States relations with other countries, leading to further conflict. Inevitably, the states almost unanimously recognized the failure of the Articles, and convened to either amend the Articles, or get rid of them altogether. When the Articles of Confederation passed, it was with the intent to be unlike the previous British monarchy.
US History 201 Mon.-Wed. 4th block 27 September 2010 Government with the Articles of Confederation The Article of Confederation was created in an attempt to limit power of the central government for the United States; however it created one without sufficient power to govern effectively, which led to serious national and international problems. The greatest weakness of the federal government under the Articles of Confederation was its inability to regulate trade and levy taxes. The government could not pay off the debts it had gathered during the revolution, including paying soldiers who had fought in the war and citizens who had provided supplies to the cause. The states largely ignored Congress, which was powerless to enforce cooperation, and it was therefore unable to carry out its duties. From 1781 to 1789 the Articles of Confederation provided the United States with an ineffective government because it had no power of national taxation, no power to control trade, and provided a weak executive.
The main weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation are that it legislated for states but not for individuals. Congress had no power to tax or regulate trade. It lacked power to control commerce. And it was too difficult to change any of the articles. Then the Constitution was put into place 1787 to overthrow the Articles of Confederation.
Since there was no president, there was no one to take a stand against the enemies of the United States. The government could have been overthrown by foreign powers. For example, the British still held posts within the boundaries of the States and the Spanish had control of the lower half of the Mississippi River (Document F). Without a leader, Congress could not deed to gain control of the use of the River. The only thing Congress was able to do was try to negotiate a treaty with the Spanish, but it was not effective.
Under the Articles of Confederation its powers included conducting foreign relations, settling disputes between states, controlling market values, regulating trade and so on. It purposely did not give the national government all the power in fear of tyranny like in Britain. Economically and Socially, although the United States desired an effective government, they comprised an ineffective government because there was no president, the U.S. wasn’t able to pass taxes and laws, it had no army to protest the nation, it had a weak government, and it had no courts to settle problems between states. So in the end, the Articles of Confederation proved to be both inadequate in economic conditions, foreign relations and other aspects. Thus, these political, economic and social factors all contributed to the reasons why the Articles of Confederation couldn’t provide an effective form of government.
As a result, no counterbalance of executive or judicial power existed at the national level, and the Articles of Confederation, drafted with the intent of limiting the power of central government, created one without adequate power to govern effectively. Though the government did have certain powers, such as declaring war, entering into treaties, and obtaining and controlling the development of western territories, its weaknesses outweighed its strengths. The most notable shortcomings of the federal government during this period were its inefficient decision-making process and its inability to regulate trade or levy taxes. The Articles of Confederation began the trend of discordant colonies hampering forward movement in government with the ratification process itself. Requiring unanimous acceptance, ratification could be foiled by one state’s refusal.
This brought great debt on the nation’s government. The government had to ask for money from the state legislatures, and were denied more than accepted for more money. The failure of a supreme authority to regulate interstate commerce became a problem because, although Congress was allowed with the sole authority to negotiate foreign treaties, it did not have the power to control trade between individual states and foreign countries The problem with interstate commerce was states would placed tariffs on each other's goods which combined with currency problems led to a decline of interstate commerce. There were no set rules on each state trading with each. Soon after the articles, people would stop trading interstate.