South Asia Essay

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SOUTH ASIA : A REGION BLESSED WITH OPPURTUNITIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES The contemporary South Asia as we have come to know and hear about it through our textbook comprises of the sub-Himalayan countries and, for some authorities, also includes the adjoining countries to the west and the east. Geographically South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by West Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. However there is much debate on the topic of which countries are part of the South Asian region. In most definitive ways Southern Asia includes the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka on the other hand some cite countries like Afghanistan, Iran, Burma and controversially even Tibet to be included in this region. South Asia also houses over one fifth of the world’s population rendering it the most populous and densely populated region in the world with India coming in at an absurdly high population of almost 1.3 billion citizens and Bangladesh being the most densely populated country in the world in terms of area to citizens.In economic terms however South Asia is the poorest region on the earth after Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the UN's Multidimensional Poverty Index, just over a quarter of the world's MPI poor people live in Africa, while a half live in South Asia. The study also found there are more poor people in eight Indian states than in the 26 poorest African countries. According to the index, 55 per cent of people in South Asia are MPI-poor and in sub-Saharan Africa, 64.5 per cent of people are MPI-poor. And according to the poverty data of World Bank, more than 40% of the population in the region lived on less than the International Poverty Line of $1.25 per day in 2005, compared to 50% of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sri Lanka has the highest GDP

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